|Pharaoh finally sends the Beney Yisrael out of Egypt. HaShem leads the Jewish People towards Erets Yisrael with pillars of clouds and fire on a circuitous route which avoids the Plishtim (Philistines). |
Pharaoh regrets the loss of so many slaves and chases the Jews with his army. The Beney Yisrael are very afraid as the Egyptians draw close, but HaShem protects them. Moshe raises his staff, and HaShem splits the sea, enabling the Beney Yisrael to cross safely.
Pharaoh, his heart hardened by HaShem, commands his army to pursue the Beney Yisrael, whereupon the waters crash down upon the Egyptian army. Moshe and Miryam lead the men and women, respectively, in song thanking HaShem. After travelling for three days only to find bitter waters at Marah, the people start to complain. Moshe miraculously produces potable water for them, and in Marah they receive certain mitsvot. The people complain to Moshe and Aharon that they had better food in Egypt. HaShem sends quails so they can have meat and provides the `Manna' for them. It is a miraculous bread that falls from the heavens every day except on Shabat. However, on Friday a double portion descends to supply the Sabbath needs. Nobody is able to obtain more than his daily portion, but Manna collected on Friday suffices for two days so the Jews can rest on Shabat. Some of the Manna is set aside as a memorial for future generations. After the Jews complain again about the lack of water, Moshe miraculously produces water from a rock. Amalek then attacks the Jews. Joshua leads the battle while Moshe prays for their welfare.