|The Jewish People receive a series of laws concerning social justice. Topics include: proper treatment of Jewish servants; a husband's obligations to his wife; penalties for hitting people and cursing parents, judges and leaders; financial responsibilities for physically damaging someone or their property, either by oneself or by one's animate or inanimate property, or by pitfalls that one created; payments for theft; not returning an object that one accepted responsibility to guard; the right to self-defense for a person being robbed. |
Other topics include: prohibitions against seduction; practising witchcraft, bestiality and sacrifices to idols. The Torah warns us to treat the convert, widow and orphan with dignity, and to avoid lying. Lending and usury is forbidden, and the rights over collateral are limited. Payment of obligations to the Temple should not be delayed, and the Jewish People must be Holy, even concerning food. The Torah teaches the proper conduct for judges in court proceedings. The commandments of Shabat and the Sabbatical year are outlined. Three times a year -- Pesach, Shavuot and Sukot -- we are told to come to the Temple.
The Torah concludes this listing of Laws with a Law of kashrut -- not to mix milk and meat. HaShem promises that He will lead the Jewish People to Israel, helping them conquer the nations that live there, and tells them that by fulfilling His commandments they will bring blessings to their nation. The people promise to do and listen to everything that HaShem says.
Moshe writes the Book of the Covenant, and reads it to the people. Moshe ascends the mountain for 40 days in order to receive the two Tablets of the Covenant.