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Cane
See Plants. The Hebrew word keneh bosem or fragrant cane of Exodus 30:23 is viewed by some translators as a reference to sweet calamus or canna as it is known in other sources. Some scholars dispute this and suggest that keneh bosem is a reference to a cympopogon or to the hemp plant. It is mentioned there as one of a number of plant, tree or animal-derived materials out of which a sacred anointment oil was to be produced. This oil was to be used to consecrate various utensils and furnishings inside the Holy Ark.

Habitat: Banks of the Jordan.

Cassia
See Plants. Cassia is mentioned in Exodus 30:24 as one of a number of plant or tree or animal-derived materials out of which a sacred anointing oil was to be produced. The oil was used to sanctify various utensils inside the Tabernacle.

The cassia is a pungent spice which is similar to cinnamon. It is a member of the 'laurel' family.

Habitat: India.

Cinnamon
See Plants. Cinnamon is mentioned in Exodus 30:23 as one of a number of plant or tree or animal-derived materials out of which a sacred anointing oil was to be produced.

The cinnamon is an evergreen species of the 'laurel' family. The spice is obtained from the dry bark of the plant.

Habitat: India, Malaysian peninsula and Sri Lanka.

Coriander
See Plants. The coriander is mentioned in Exodus 16:31. The appearance of its seeds is likened there to the Manna.

Coriander is one of the oldest known spice plants. It bears black seeds and it is a member of the carrot family.

Habitat: Jordan Valley, Mediterranean countries.

Cyclamen
See Plants. The cyclamen was identified as one of the components that were needed for the creation of sacred incense for the Holy Tabernable (See description of the main components in (Exodus 30:34).

This flower has crown-shaped pink blossoms and heart-shaped leaves.

Habitat: Galilee, Turkey

Cympopogon
See Plants. The Hebrew word keneh bosem of Exodus 30:23 is viewed by some scholars as a reference to sweet calamus. Other scholars dispute this and suggest that it is a reference to cympopogon or to the hemp plant. It is mentioned there as one of a number of plant, tree or animal-derived materials out of which a sacred anointment oil was to be produced. This oil was to be used to consecrate various utensils and furnishings inside the Holy Ark.

The cympopogan is also known as ginger grass.

Habitat: North India and Iran.

Cypress
See Plants. The Hebrew term gopher in Genesis 6:14 is considered by some translators to be a reference to a cypress. Some scholars dispute this and suggest instead that the term is a reference to a species of pine; a species of cedar; or by contrast merely a reference to "squared wood". The term appears in the text in which God instructs Noah as to the manner in which he is to build the ark.

This conifer has a tall columnar shape.

Habitat: Gilead, Galilee, Edom and the Judaean mountains.





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