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Galbanum
See Plants. The Hebrew term chelbanah of Exodus 30:34 has been viewed by some scholars as a reference to the galbanum gum. Other scholars dispute this and suggest instead that it is a reference to the gum of the storax tree. The term appears in the text which lists the types of plant derived-materials from which the congregation was to produce a sacred incense for the Holy Tabernacle.

The Galbanum looks like wild parsley and it is used to produce a pungent waxy resinous gum.

Habitat: Egypt.

Gall
See Plants. The Hebrew rosh of Deuteronomy 29:17 is considered by some scholars to be a reference to hemlock. Other scholars dispute this and suggest instead that it refers to a gall poppy. The term is used in the passage in which God warns the Israelites of the growth of heretical forces from within. He likens them to the poisonous characteristics of the above plant.

Habitat: Near East, Europe.

Goodly tree
See Plants. "A fruit of a citron tree" is mentioned in Leviticus 23:40 as one of the four different plant-related offerings that the congregation is called upon to make during the Feast of Tabernacles. This offering has become identified with the etrog, a lemon-like fruit of the citrus goodly tree.

Habitat:Near and Middle East.





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