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Hemlock
See Plants. The Hebrew rosh of Deuteronomy 29:17 is considered by some scholars to be a reference to hemlock. Other scholars dispute this and suggest instead that it refers to a gall poppy. The term is mentioned in the passage in which God warns the Israelites of the growth of heretical forces from within. He likens them to the poisonous characteristics of the above plant.

Habitat:Near East, Europe.

Hemp
See Plants. The Hebrew word keneh bosem or fragrant cane of Exodus 30:23 is viewed by some translators as a reference to the sweet calamus or canna as it is known in other sources. Some scholars dispute this and suggest that keneh bosem is a reference to cympopogon or to the hemp plant. The above is mentioned as one of a number of plant, tree or animal-derived materials out of which a sacred anointment oil was to be produced. This ointment was to be used to consecrate various utensils and furnishings inside the Holy Ark.

Hyssop
See Plants. Hyssop is mentioned in Exodus 12:22 in a text which relates the events which that took place before the last plague. It is stated there that in the name of God Moses told the congregation that they were to dip hyssop into the sacrificial blood of a sheep, so as to mark out the houses of the Israelites. We are told that this enabled God to protect the homes of the Israelites when he unleashed the last plague.

Hyssop is a wild marjoram, which is cultivated as a spice.

Habitat: Sinai desert.





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