|One of the ten groups of people found in the list of pre-Israelite inhabitants of the land of Canaan promised to Abraham (Genesis 15:19). Translated as 'Easterners', the Kadmonites, Kenizites and Kenites who were living in the Ammon area, to the south of the Dead Sea, were later absorbed into the tribe of Judah in the time of David. The Dead Sea was also known as the 'Eastern Sea', or the 'Kadmoni Sea'.|
|The daughter of Tzur, a Midianite king, who was killed together with Zimri by the high priest Pinchas. It was said that their deaths arrested the plague which God had sent to punish the Israelites for consorting with the Midianite girls and worshipping Baal-Peor at Shittim (Numbers 25).|
|Son of Ishmael and grandson of Abraham (Genesis 25:13-15). Identified with a tribe who dealt with sheep-rearing, living in black tents to the east of Canaan, possibly in Arabia.|
|One of the three sons of Levi, a grandson of Jacob. He went down to Egypt at the same time as Jacob. Kehath (sometimes spelled Kehoth or Kohath) became the head of an important family of Levites, including his son Amram, Moses, his grandson, and Aaron the Kehothites served in the Tabernacle in the wilderness and later served in the Temple (Genesis 46:11, Exodus 6:16, Numbers 3:17, 19, 26:57, 27). He lived to be 133 years of age.|
|A desert grouping frequenting the wilderness to the west of the Dead Sea near Moab and formed from the tribes of Midian, their identity is usually traced to Cain and is sometimes linked with Chovev (Jethro), who lived in the area.The etymology of their name suggests that they may have been itinerant metal-workers; Tuval Cain is described as 'a maker of all copper and iron implements' .The Kenites also pioneered the arts of city-building, tent- dwelling, herding, agriculture and music (Genesis 4:20-22). They were included among the early peoples of Canaan together with the Kenizites and the Kadmonites (Genesis 4:20-22). Their relationship with the Israelites was generally good until Assyria eventually dominated the entire region: see Balaam's prophecy at Numbers 24:21.|
|Abraham married Keturah, a concubine, after the death of Sarah. She had six sons: Zimran, Yakshan, Medan, Midian, Yishbak and Shuach, but Abraham sent them all out east, (possibly to the Arabian peninsula), presumably because Isaac was considered his true heir.|
|Son of Yavan and great-grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:4; Numbers 24:24). Identified by some rabbinic sources with Italy or Rome: other sources, and most modern scholars identify Kittim with a Greek people, most probably the Cypriots.|
|1. Son of Esau and Oholibama. Brother of Yeush and Yalam. See Genesis 36:5, 14, 18.|
2. Son of Yitzhar, a grandson of Kehath and a great-grandson of Levi. Brother of Nefeg and Zikhri, and father of Assir, Elkana and Aviasaf. Korach led a revolt against Moses and Aaron together with Dathan, Aviram and 250 leaders of the community. The rebels were swallowed up by the earth in punishment. Some scholars believe that the narrative in Numbers 16 and Numbers17 contains two strata composed by priestly authors over a period of time to demonstrate, firstly, the struggle that took place between the Israelite people and the authority of Moses and Aaron, and secondly the struggle between the Levites and the priesthood proper (Cohanim, or descendants of Aaron).
3. Grandson of Esau and son of Eliphaz. Brother of Teman, Omar, Tzefo, Gatam and Kenaz.