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Saffron
See plants. The saffron was one of a number of materials that were listed as being required for the production of sacred incense for the Holy Tabernacle (See description of the main components in Exodus 30:34).

Saffron is obtained from the stigma of the saffron flower and has yellow dyeing properties.

Habitat:Israel, Mediterranean countries.

Spelt
See Plants. Spelt is mentioned in Exodus 9:32 as one of the few plants or crops that had not succumbed to the ravages of the seventh plague.

Spelt is a hard-grained desert wheat.

Habitat:Egypt.

Storax
See Plants. The Hebrew word nataf in Exodus 30:34 is viewed by some scholars as a reference to the wood or the gum of the balsam tree. Some scholars dispute this and suggest instead that it should be viewed as a reference to the gum of the storax. The nataf is mentioned in the text which lists the variety of materials from which the congregation is to produce a sacred incense for the Holy Tabernacle.

The storax is a gum-producing tree.

Habitat: Gilead, Mount Carmel and Mount Gilboa.





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