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A B C D E G H I J K L M N O P R S T U Y Z


S'bha
Descendant of Noah. Son of Cush and brother of Havilah, Sabhta, Raamah, Sabhteka and Nimrod.
Sabhta
Descendant of Noah. Son of Cush and brother of S'bha, Havilah, Raamah, Sabhteka and Nimrod.
Sabhteka
Descendant of Noah. Son of Cush and brother of S'bha, Havilah, Sabhta, Raamah and Nimrod.
Sarah
Wife of Abraham and first of the biblical matriarchs (see also Rebecca, Leah and Rachel), c. 18-15 centuries B.C.E. Travelled with Abraham from Ur to Haran and onward to Canaan. Sarah [Hebrew: 'princess'] was barren and suggested Abraham marry her slave-maid Hagar, who bore him a son, Ishmael. Her name changed from Sarai to Sarah when God appeared to Abraham and promised him that she would bear a son and become the mother of nations. Later, Sarah laughed when she overheard three strangers, angels in disguise, repeat the promise (Genesis 18:12). Isaac, meaning 'he laughed', was born in due course. Sarah did not want Isaac to share his inheritance with Ishmael and demanded that Abraham evict Hagar and her son. Sarah died aged 127 and was buried by Abraham in the Cave of Machpelah in Hebron.
Saul
Son of Simeon. Brother of Yemuel, Yamin, Ohad, Yakhin and Tzochar.
Seir,Seir Highlands
1. Chief of a tribe living in the Sinai desert; the descendants of Esau (the Edomites) intermarried extensively with his family (Genesis 36:20-29). Mount Seir, the home of the Edomites, is named after him.
2. The hilly territory south of the Dead Sea and east of the Aravah mainly occupied by Edomites (Genesis 32:3, 36:9; Deuteronomy 2:5). It is mentioned in the blessing of Moses (Deuteronomy 33:2).
Serach
Granddaughter of Jacob and daughter of Asher. Sister of Yimnah, Yishvah, Yishvi and Beriah.
Sered
Grandson of Jacob and son of Zebulun. Brother of Elon and Yachle'el.
Serug
Descendant of Noah. Son of Reu and father of Nachor who was the grandfather of Abraham.
Seth
Third son of Adam and Eve, born after his elder brother Cain had killed Abel. Seth was the ancestor of Methuselah and Noah, and the father of Enosh. (Genesis 4:26; Genesis 5:3-8).
Sethur
One of the twelve spies sent out by Moses to survey the land of Canaan. Sethur represented the tribe of Asher (Numbers 13:13).
Shamah
Son of Reuel and grandson of Esau. Brother of Nachath, Zerach and Mizzah.
Shamua
One of the twelve spies sent out by Moses to survey the land of Canaan. Shamua represented the tribe of Reuben (Numbers 13:4).
Shaphat
One of the twelve spies sent out by Moses to survey the land of Canaan. Shaphat represented the tribe of Simeon (Numbers 13:5).
Sheba
1. Descendant of Noah. Son of Yoktan and brother of Almodad, Shelef, Chatzarmaveth, Yerach, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Oval, Avimael, Ophir, Havilah and Yovav.
2. Son of Yakshan and brother of Dedan.
3. Descendant of Noah. Son of Raamah and brother of Dedan.
Shechem
1. Son of Chamor, the chief Hivite. He fell in love with Jacob's daughter Dinah and seduced her. After he sent his father Chamor to request her hand in marriage Jacob and his sons agreed providing all the males in his family and in the city of Shechem were circumcised. While the men were recovering, Dinah's brothers Simeon and Levi slaughtered Shechem and his compatriots (Genesis 33, 34). 2. A town in central Palestine, now also known as Nablus, of considerable importance during the Biblical era. Situated between mount Gerizim and mount Ebal, it is associated with Abraham, who set up camp and built an altar to God there (Genesis 12:6). Jacob, who entered Shechem after leaving Padan Aram, pitched his tent on land purchased from Chamor the Hivite (see above). Jacob buried his family's foreign gods under the terebinth tree near Shechem before building an altar to God at Beth-El. His son Joseph later searched for his brothers in the pasture-lands near Shechem (Genesis 37:12).
Shefo
Son of Shoval. Brother of Alvan, Manachath, Ebhal, and Onam.
Shekhem
Son of Gilead and brother of Iyezer, Chelek, Asriel, Shemida and Chefer.
Shelach
Great-grandson of Noah, son of Arpachshad and father of Eber.
Shelah
Third son of Judah and brother of Er and Onan. Because Judah failed to arrange for him to marry his brothers' widow Tamar, she seduced Judah whilst in disguise as a sacred prostitute (Genesis 38:11).
Shelef
Descendant of Noah. Son of Yoktan and brother of Almodad, Chatzarmaveth, Yerach, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Oval, Avimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah and Yovav.
Shelumiel
Leader of the tribe of Simeon in the wilderness, son ofTzuri-shaddai. Shelumiel was one of the twelve princes representing each tribe who had directed the census (Numbers 1:6). His offerings to the Tabernacle are listed at Numbers 7:36.
Shem
The eldest son of Noah and said to be the father of the Semitic peoples, including Hebrews and Arabs. 'Shem' may mean 'fame', 'name', 'appellation' or 'son'.Together with Noah and his wife, he and his brothers and their families joined Noah in the Ark at the time of the Flood; Shem was present at the time of God's covenant with Noah. In Genesis 9:20-27 the story is told how his brother Ham gazed upon Noah as he lay naked in his tent, he and his brother Yepheth entered the tent backwards and covered their father. He had five sons, Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram, and 25 descendants.King Malkhi-tzedek is identifed by some rabbinic sources as Shem.
Shemever
King of Tzevoyim at the time of the invasion of Chedorlaomer and his allies (Genesis 14:2).
Shemida
Son of Gilead and brother of Iyezer, Chelek, Asriel, Shekhem and Chefer.
Shifra
One of the two chief Hebrew midwives who were instructed by Pharoah to kill any Jewish male babies that they delivered. Shifra and Puah did not follow Pharoah's command, as they 'feared God', but let the infant boys live. When challenged by the king, the midwives replied that the Hebrew women always gave birth before the midwives arrived (Exodus 1:15). The midwives were rewarded by God by having large families of their own.
Shilem
Grandson of Jacob and son of Naphtali. Brother of Yachtze'el, Guni and Yetzer.
Shimi
Son of Gershon, grandson of Levi. Brother of Livni.
Shimron
Grandson of Jacob and son of Issachar. Brother of Tolah, Puvvah and Yov.
Shinav
King of Admah at the time of the invasion of Chedorlaomer and his allies (Genesis 14:2).
Shoval
Son of Seir. Brother of Timna, Lotan, Tziv'on, Anah, Dishon, Etzer, and Dishan.
Shua
Wife of Judah, daughter of Chirah. Mother of Er and Onan (Genesis 38:2).
Shuach
Son of Abraham and Keturah. Brother of Zimran, Yakshan, Medan, Midian and Yishbak.
Shuni
Grandson of Jacob and son of Gad. Brother of Tzifion, Chagi, Etzbon, Eri, Arodi and Areli.
Shuthalach
Grandson of Joseph and son of Ephraim. Brother of Bekher and Tachan. Father of Eran.
Sichon
Amorite king at the time of the Canaanite conquest. His territory lay beyond the Jordan, between Jabbok to the north and the Arnon river to the south. He refused to let the Israelites pass through his land; despite Moses's promise to remain on the King's Highway, Sichon confronted them at Yahatz (Numbers 21:23). The Israelites defeated Sichon and took his land, including the Amorite capital of Cheshbon, and then conquered the kingdom of Og of Bashan. Much is written about these military exploits: see Numbers 21:21-34; Numbers 32:33; Deuteronomy 1:4; Deuteronomy 2:24-32; Deuteronomy 3:2, 6; Deuteronomy 4:46; Deuteronomy 29:7; Deuteronomy 31:4.
Sidon
1.Eldest son of Canaan and a grandson of Ham, Sidon is known as the founder of the great Phoenician (Canaanite) city and port of Sidon (Genesis 10:15). 2. An important walled city in Phoenicia (modern Lebanon), still known under that name.
Simeon
The second son of Jacob and Leah and the eponymous ancestor of the Israelite tribe of that name. His name is said to have originated from his mother's words 'God has heard (shama) that I was unloved'' (Genesis 29:33). He was a key figure in the affair of his sister Dinah, killing the men of Shechem with his brother Levi, incurring the anger of Jacob (Genesis 34, cf. 49:7, Jacob's curse on his deathbed). He was involved in selling his brother Joseph into slavery in Egypt. Simeon was selected as the hostage to be left behind as a guarantee that the brothers would return with Benjamin, and was released upon their return.
Sinites
According to Genesis 10:17, the Sinites were among the several ethnic groups that inhabited Canaan before the formation of the Israelite federation. They were the next generation after Canaan, son of Ham. It is not completely clear where they settled, but it is likely that they originated within the original Canaanite territory, i.e. between Sidon in the north to Gaza in the south, and from the Mediterranean in the west towards the Dead Sea in the east.
Sithri
Descendant of Jacob. Son of Uzziel and brother of Mishael and Eltzafan.




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