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Babylon (Bavel)
The capital of Babylonia was founded by King Nimrod in the land of Shinar. Located on the river Euphrates (50 m/80 km south of Baghdad, Iraq), it became the centre of Babylonian civilisation, religion, and political life. In Genesis 10:10 it is called Bavel, 'Gate of God'. The history of the building of the tower of Babel is described in Genesis 11:1-11.
Bamoth
A place where the Israelites camped during the latter part of the Exodus, close to the northern end of the Avarim mountains which border the Dead Sea (Numbers 21:19). Bamoth is sometimes identified with the mountains themselves, or with Bamoth Baal, the High Altars of Baal, where Balak told Balaam to curse Israel (see Numbers 22:41)
Bashan
The region known as the kingdom of Og, conquered by the Israelites under Moses in Numbers 21:33-35. It was allotted to half of the tribe of Menasseh. It was situated east of the Jordan and north of Gilead, extending north to Mount Hermon and East of Salkhah. It included the cities of Ashtaroth and Edrei and the regions of Argov and Chavvoth Yair.
Bavel
See Babylon.
Be'on, Baal Meon
Be'on was among the cities petitioned by the descendants of the tribes of Reuben and Gad. These tribes claimed the lands around Ya'ezer and Gilead for raising livestock, even though this area was on the eastern bank of the Jordan. After attempting to persuade them to settle in Canaan, Moses granted them permission to settle in Transjordan on condition that they armed themselves and led the other Israelites across the Jordan river as an advance guard (Numbers 32). It later became known as Beth Baal Meon and became Reubenite territory during the time of Joshua. It is the modern-day Ma'in, 10 km (6 miles) south of Mount Nebo.
Beer LaChai Roi
A place in the Negev region where Isaac lived before marrying Rebecca (Genesis 24:62).
Beer-sheba
A town in southern Canaan, whose name is variously interpreted as 'well of the seven' or 'well of the oath', in reference to the treaties between Abraham and Abimelekh (Genesis 21) and Isaac and Abimelekh (Genesis 26).It was the home of Abraham after the binding of Isaac. It is often referred to as the southern limit of the inhabited portion of the Promised Land.
Bela (Tzoar)
One of the five Cities of the Plain mentioned in Genesis 18 and 19. It was spared from the destruction of Sodom at the plea of Lot, who went to live there with his two daughters. Renamed Tzoar after the destruction of the Cities of the Plain.
Beney Yaakan
One of the encampments of the Israelites in the Wilderness (Numbers 33:31-32): the reference to the wells of Beney Yaakan (Deuteronomy 10:6) may refer to a different place. It is a tribal name, referring to one of the sons of Yaakan, a Horite. Its exact location is unknown, although Kaplan suggests that it could be identified with Be'eroth Oded in the Sinai desert.
Beth HaYeshimoth
An encampment of the Israelites near the Jordan, mentioned at Numbers 33:48, probably near the north-east corner of the Dead Sea.
Beth Peor
A place to the east of the Dead Sea between the tribal territories of Ammon and Moab, mentioned at Deuteronomy 3:29 as a place near where the Israelites passed after the battle against Og, king of Bashan. It is also mentioned at Deuteronomy 4:26 as forming part of the the land of Sichon, king of Cheshbon. It may have been the seat of the worship of Baal Peor (Numbers 25:3)
Bethel
A town to the north of Jerusalem, where Jacob had the vision of the ladder (Genesis 28:11-22). It was after this vision that he gave it the name Beth El (House of God), it having previously been called Luz. He later built an altar there (Genesis 35:1-15).
Betzer
One of the three cities of refuge to the east of the Jordan designated by Moses (Deuteronomy 4:43). It is conjectured to be near Cheshbon, east of the northern end of the Dead Sea.




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