Reading the Text
This is a sample of the printed Hebrew text:
This is a sample of the Hebrew text from the Torah:
The Torah scroll is holy and must be treated with great respect. We avoid touching the Torah parchment with our hands and instead a pointer called a yad (hand) is used to keep the reader's place in the text.
Reading & Pronouncing God's Name
In some places you will see represented in the translation as 'YHVH' (standing for Yud-Hey-Vav-Hey, the Hebrew letters in God's name). YHVH is written in the translation when somebody is using God's name rather than using it as a 'job description' (e.g. Exodus, chapter 5).
Another name for God that is used in Torah is Elohim (). This is translated as 'God' and refers to God as 'the One who is all-powerful'.
Some communities will not pronounce the words Adonai or Elohim except during prayer, since they are also considered holy names. Instead is read as Hashem (literally 'The Name') and is read as elokim (changing one letter to avoid saying God's name.)