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Genesis Chapter 7
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The Great Flood
7:1 God said to Noah, 'Come into the ark, you and your family. I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.
7:2 Take seven pairs of every clean animal, each consisting of a male and its mate. Of every animal that is not clean, take two, a male and its mate.
7:3 Of the birds of the heaven also take seven pairs, each consisting of a male and its mate. Let them keep seed alive on the face of all the earth,
7:4 because in another seven days, I will bring rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights. I will obliterate every organism that I have made from the face of the earth.'
7:5 Noah did all that God had commanded.
7:6 Noah was 600 years old when the flood occurred; water was on the earth.
7:7 Noah, along with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, came into the ark ahead of the waters of the flood.
7:8 The clean animals, the animals which were not clean, the birds, and all that walked the earth
7:9 came two by two to Noah, to the ark. They were male and female, as God had commanded Noah.
7:10 Seven days passed, and the flood waters were on the earth.
7:11 It was in the 600th year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the 17th of the month. On that day all the wellsprings of the great deep burst forth and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.
7:12 It would continue to rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights.
7:13 On that very day, Noah boarded the ark along with his sons, Shem, Ham and Yefeth. Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons were with them.
7:14 They [came] along with every separate kind of beast, every separate kind of livestock, every separate kind of land animal, and every separate kind of flying creature - every bird [and] every winged animal.
7:15 Of all flesh that has in it a breath of life, they came to Noah, to the ark, two by two.
7:16 Those who came were male and female. Of all flesh they came, as God had commanded [Noah]. God then sealed him inside.
7:17 There was a flood on the earth for forty days. The waters increased, lifting the ark, and it rose from on the ground.
7:18 The waters surged and increased very much, and the ark began to drift on the surface of the water.
7:19 The waters on the earth surged [upward] very, very much, and all the high mountains under the heavens were covered.
7:20 The waters had surged upward fifteen cubits and all the mountains were covered.
7:21 All flesh that walked the earth perished: birds, livestock, wild beasts, and every lower animal that swarmed on the land, as well as every human being.
7:22 Everything on dry land whose life was sustained by breathing died.
7:23 [The flood] thus obliterated every organism that had been on the face of the land: humanity, livestock, land animals, and birds of the heaven. They were obliterated from the earth. Only Noah and those with him in the ark survived.
7:24 The waters surged on the earth for 150 days.



Commentary:

seven pairs...
  (Bereshith Rabbah; Radak, Malbim. See Genesis 7:9). Literally, 'seven by seven.' This is a detail not mentioned earlier in Genesis 6:19. Earlier, when the Torah uses God's name Elohim, which denotes justice, only two animals are mentioned. Accepting a sacrifice is an act of mercy, which pertains to God's name Adonoy (see commentaries on Leviticus 1:2). In the verse here, the name Adonoy is used, and seven pairs are required, the extra ones for sacrifice (Rashi). See Genesis 8:20.

600 years old
  From the genealogies in Genesis 5, we can easily determine that Noah was born in the year 1056 after Adam's creation. The flood therefore occurred in the year 1656.

ahead of
  Or 'because of.'

second month
  In the Talmud, there is a dispute as to whether the months are counted from Tishrei, and the second month is Marcheshvan, or from Nissan (cf. Exodus 12:2), and the second month is Iyyar (Rosh HaShanah 11a). Other ancient sources state unequivocally that this was Marcheshvan (Targum Yonathan; Josephus, Antiquities 1:3:1). According to tradition, 17 Marcheshvan, 1656 would have fallen on October 27, 2106 b.c.e.

On that very day
  Or, 'in broad daylight' (Rashi).

his
  Literally 'Noah's.' We omit the repetition of the name.

surged
  Literally, 'became strong.'

upward fifteen cubits
  Between 23 and 30 feet (see note on Genesis 6:15). Some say that this means that the water was so deep that it covered the mountains by 15 cubits (Yoma 76a; Rashi). There is, however, another opinion that the powerful currents caused the water to surge over the mountains (Bereshith Rabbah 32).

life was sustained by breathing
  Literally, 'all that has a breath of the spirit of life,' or 'all that has in it a lifegiving breath.'





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