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Leviticus Chapter 4
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Deuteronomy

Sin Offerings for the High Priest
4:1 God spoke to Moses with instructions to speak to the Israelites and tell them the following:
4:2 [This is the law] if an individual commits an inadvertent sin by violating certain [specified] prohibitory commandments of God.
4:3 If the anointed priest commits an [inadvertent] violation, bringing guilt to his people, the sacrifice for his violation shall be an unblemished young bull as a sin offering to God.
4:4 He shall bring the bull before God to the entrance of the Communion Tent, and press his hands on the bull's head. He shall then slaughter the bull before God.
4:5 The anointed priest shall take the bull's blood and bring it into the Communion Tent.
4:6 The priest shall dip his finger into the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before God toward the cloth partition in the sanctuary.
4:7 The priest shall then place some of the blood on the incense altar which is before God in the Communion Tent. He shall then spill out all the [rest of the] bull's blood at the base of the sacrificial altar, which is in front of the Communion Tent's entrance.
4:8 He shall separate out all the fat of the sin offering bull, [taking] the layer of fat covering the stomachs, and all the fat attached to the stomachs.
4:9 The two kidneys, the fat on them along the flanks, and the lobe on the liver near the kidneys, shall [also] be removed.
4:10 [All these] are the same as the [parts] removed from the peace offering. The priest shall then burn them on the sacrificial altar.
4:11 [He shall take] the bull's skin and all its flesh, from head to toe, as well as the food in its intestines.
4:12 The entire bull shall thus be removed to the ritually pure place outside the camp, where the altar's ashes are deposited. It shall be burned in fire on the wood in the place where the ashes are deposited.

Sin Offerings for the Community
4:13 If the entire community of Israel commits an inadvertent [violation] as a result of [the truth] being hidden from the congregation's eyes, and they violate one of the [specified] prohibitory commandments of God, they shall incur guilt.
4:14 When the violation that they have committed becomes known, the congregation must bring a young bull as a sin offering, presenting it before the Communion Tent.
4:15 The community elders shall press their hands on the bull's head before God, and it shall be slaughtered before God.
4:16 The anointed priest shall bring some of the bull's blood into the Communion Tent,
4:17 and dipping his finger into the blood, he shall sprinkle [it] seven times before God toward the cloth partition.
4:18 He shall then place some of the blood on the horns of the [incense] altar that is before God in the Communion Tent. He shall spill out all [the rest of] the blood at the base of the sacrificial altar which is [in front of] the Communion Tent's entrance.
4:19 He shall then separate out all of its fat, and burn it on the altar,
4:20 doing with this bull exactly as he did with the bull sacrificed as a sin offering [for the anointed priest]. The priest shall thus make atonement for [the community] so that they will be forgiven.
4:21 He shall remove the bull to a place outside the camp, and burn it just as he burned the first bull. This is the sin offering for the [entire] congregation.

Sin Offerings for the King
4:22 If the leader commits a sin by inadvertently violating certain of God's prohibitory commandments, he incurs guilt.
4:23 When he is made aware of the sin that he has committed, he must bring an unblemished male goat as his sacrifice.
4:24 He shall press his hands on the goat's head, and have it slaughtered as a sin offering in the same place that the burnt offering was slaughtered before God.
4:25 The priest shall take the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and place it on the protrusions of the sacrificial altar. [The rest] of the blood shall be poured out at the base of the sacrificial altar.
4:26 All [the animal's] fat shall be burned on the altar, just like the fat of the peace offerings. The priest shall thus make atonement for [the leader], and he will be forgiven.

Sin Offerings for Commoners
4:27 If a commoner commits an inadvertent violation by violating any one of certain [specified] prohibitory commandments of God, he incurs guilt.
4:28 When he is made aware of the violation he has committed, he must bring an unblemished female goat for the sin he committed.
4:29 He shall press his hands on the head of the sin offering, and have the sin offering slaughtered in the same place as the burnt offering.
4:30 The priest shall take some of [the goat's] blood with his finger and place it on the protrusions of the sacrificial altar, spilling out all [the rest] of the blood at the altar's base.
4:31 He shall remove all the fat, as he did with the fat of the peace offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altar, as an appeasing fragrance to God. The priest shall thus make atonement for the individual, and he will be forgiven.

Sheep as a Sin Offering
4:32 If he brings a sheep as a sin offering, it shall be an unblemished female.
4:33 He shall press his hands on the head of the sin offering, and have it slaughtered in the same place that the burnt offering was slaughtered.
4:34 The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and place it on the protrusions of the sacrificial altar, spilling out all [the rest] of the blood at the altar's base.
4:35 He shall remove all its choice parts, just as he removed all the choice parts of the sheep brought as a peace offering, and burn them on the altar along with the fire offerings dedicated to God. The priest will thus make atonement for the sin the person committed and he will be forgiven.



Commentary:

certain specified
  Where the penalty is being 'cut off' (kareth) (Kerithoth 2a; Yad, Shegagoth 1:1).

anointed priest
  The High Priest (Horayoth 12b), See Exodus 29:7, 30:30.

young bull
  In its second year (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 1:14). According to others, a three year old (Parah 1:1).

toward
  Without the blood touching the partition (Yoma 57a; Rashi).

food in its intestines
  (Radak, Sherashim). See Exodus 29:14. According to some the food is left in the intestines (Yoma 68a).

where the altar's ashes
  See Leviticus 6:4.

congregation's eyes
  This denotes the Sanhedrin (Rashi).

elders
  Members of the Sanhedrin. See Exodus 3:16. Actually, three elders would place their hands on the bull's head (Sanhedrin 2a; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 3:10).

it shall be...
  Literally, 'he shall.'

for the anointed priest
  (Rashi)

leader
  The king of Israel (Horayoth 10a, 11a).

goat
  In its first year (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 1:14).

burnt offering
  The north side of the altar; see Leviticus 1:11

protrusions
  See Exodus 27:2.

burnt offering
  The north side of the altar; see Leviticus 1:11.

peace offering
  Including the broad tail; see Leviticus 3:9.





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