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Leviticus Chapter 9
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The Eighth Day; Nadav and Avihu Die
9:1 On the eighth day, Moses summoned Aaron, his sons, and the elders of Israel.
9:2 He said to Aaron, 'Take yourself a calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, [both] unblemished, and sacrifice them before God.
9:3 Speak to the Israelites, and tell them to take unblemished [animals]: a goat for a sin offering, a yearling calf and a lamb for a burnt offering,
9:4 and a bull and a ram for peace offerings. They shall sacrifice these before God along with a meal offering mixed with oil, because God will reveal Himself to you today.'
9:5 They brought what Moses ordered to the front of the Communion Tent, and the entire community came forth and stood before God.
9:6 Moses said, 'This is what God has commanded. Do it and God's glory will be revealed to you.'
9:7 Moses [then] said to Aaron, 'Approach the altar, and prepare your sin offering and burnt offering, thus atoning for you and the people. Then prepare the people's offering to atone for them, as God has commanded.'
9:8 Aaron went up to the altar, and he slaughtered the calf that he had for a sin offering.
9:9 Aaron's sons brought forth the blood, and dipping his finger in the blood, [Aaron] placed some on the altar's protrusions. He then spilled out the rest of the blood at the altar's base.
9:10 He burned the fat, the kidneys and the liver lobe of the sin offering. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
9:11 He then burned the flesh and skin [of the sin offering] in fire outside the camp.
9:12 He slaughtered the burnt offering. Aaron's sons passed the blood to him, and he dashed the blood on all sides of the altar.
9:13 They passed him the cut up parts of the burnt offering, piece by piece, along with the head, and he burned them on the altar.
9:14 He washed the entrails and the feet and burned them on the altar along with [the rest] of the burnt offering.
9:15 He brought forth the people's offering. He took the goat that was the people's sin offering, and slaughtered it, preparing it as a sin offering, just like the first one.
9:16 He brought forth the burnt offering, preparing it according to the law.
9:17 He brought forth the grain offering. He took a handful and burned it on the altar. This was in addition to the morning [grain] offering.
9:18 He slaughtered the bull and the ram that were the people's peace sacrifice. Aaron's sons passed the blood to him, and he dashed it on all sides of the altar.
9:19 [They also passed him] the choice parts of the bull and ram: the broad tail, the [fatty] membrane, the kidneys and the liver lobe.
9:20 They placed the choice parts on the chests [of the animals], and [Aaron] then burned the choice parts on the altar.
9:21 Aaron [had first] waved the chests and right hind legs in the prescribed motions as a wave offering before God. [It was all done] as God had commanded Moses.
9:22 Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed them. He then descended from [the altar where he] had prepared the sin offering, the burnt offering, and the peace offerings.
9:23 Moses and Aaron went into the Communion Tent, and when they came out, they blessed the people. God's glory was then revealed to all the people.
9:24 Fire came forth from before God and consumed the burnt offering and the choice parts on the altar. When the people saw this, they raised their voices in praise and threw themselves on their faces.



Commentary:

eighth day
  After the seven days of installment (Leviticus 8:33-35).

elders of Israel
  See Exodus 3:16. This may be because only the Sanhedrin had the authority to appoint a High Priest (Tosefta, Sanhedrin 3:2; Yad, Kley HaMikdash 4:15). Also see Leviticus 4:13.

calf
  Yearling (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 1:14; see Leviticus 9:3).

first one
  See Leviticus 9:8-11.

handful
  Or 'partial handful,' that is, three fingers full. See note on Leviticus 2:2.

morning grain offering
  (Sifra; Ramban). See Exodus 29:40 (Rashi).

lifted his hands...
  From this, we learn that the priests lift their hands for the priestly blessing (Sotah 38a).

blessed them
  With the priestly blessing presented in Numbers 6:22-27 (Rashi). The commandment regarding the priestly blessing may have been given earlier, even though it is written later (Ramban).

from the altar
  (Sifra; Rashi).

God's glory
  Prophetically (Targum Yonathan). Or, through the fire mentioned in Leviticus 9:24 (Saadia; Rashbam).

from before God
  From the Holy of Holies (Rashbam), or from the sky (Sifra). Some say that it came down like a flash of lightning (Josephus, Antiquities 3:8:6).

raised their voices in praise
  (Targum; Ibn Ezra); or 'sang out' (Saadia) or 'became ecstatic' (Or Torah, MiKetz,p. 37a. See Meditation and the Bible, p. 120).





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