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Deuteronomy Chapter 6
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Exodus
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Deuteronomy
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After the Revelation
6:1 This is the mandate, the rules and the laws that God your Lord commanded [me] to teach you, so that you shall keep them in the land you are crossing over to occupy.
6:2 Remain in awe of God your Lord, so that you will keep all His rules and laws that I am prescribing to you. You, your children and your children's children [must keep them] as long as they live, so that you will long endure.
6:3 Listen, Israel, and be careful to do [it]. Things will then go well for you and you will increase very much [in] the land flowing with milk and honey, just as God, Lord of your fathers, promised you.

Sh'ma: The Creed
6:4 Listen, Israel, God is our Lord, God is One.
6:5 Love God your Lord with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might.
6:6 These words which I am commanding you today must remain on your heart.
6:7 Teach them to your children and speak of them when you are at home, when traveling on the road, when you lie down and when you get up.
6:8 Bind [these words] as a sign on your hand, and let them be an emblem in the center of your head.
6:9 [Also] write them on [parchments affixed to] the doorposts of your houses and gates.

Dangers of Prosperity
6:10 When God your Lord brings you to the land that He swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, that He would give to you, [you will find] great, flourishing cities that you did not build.
6:11 [You will also have] houses filled with all good things that you did not put there, finished cisterns that you did not quarry, and vineyards and olive trees that you did not plant.

You will eat and be satisfied,

6:12 but be careful that you do not forget God, who is the One who brought you out of Egypt, the place of slavery.
6:13 Remain in awe of God, serve Him, and swear by His name.
6:14 Do not follow other deities, such as the gods of the nations around you.

Keeping the Commandments
6:15 God your Lord is a God demanding exclusive allegiance from you. Do not cause God's anger to be unleashed against you, since it will destroy you from the face of the earth.
6:16 Do not test God your Lord, as you tested Him in Massah.
6:17 Be very careful to keep the commandments of God your Lord, as well as the rituals and decrees that He commanded you.
6:18 Do what is upright and good in God's eyes, so that He will be good to you. You will then come and occupy the good land that God promised your fathers.
6:19 As God promised, He will repulse all your enemies before you.

Recalling the Exodus
6:20 In the future, your child may ask you, 'What are the rituals, rules and laws that God our Lord has commanded you?'
6:21 You must tell him, 'We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, but God brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
6:22 God directed great and terrible miracles against Pharaoh and all his household before our very eyes.
6:23 We are the ones He brought out of there, to bring us to the land He promised our fathers, and give it to us.
6:24 God commanded us to keep all these rules, so that [we] would remain in awe of God for all time, so that we would survive, even as [we are] today.
6:25 It is our privilege to safeguard and keep this entire mandate before God our Lord, as He commanded us.'



Commentary:

in...
  (Or, '.... and you will increase very much, since God... promised you a land flowing with milk and honey' (Ramban).

Listen
  Sh'ma in Hebrew, and hence the name of this reading that is said twice each day. Also known as Keriath Sh'ma. Since the Sh'ma is in the tefillin, which were mandated much earlier (Exodus 13:9, 16), it seems probable that the Sh'ma was given immediately after the Exodus or after the Ten Commandments. Alternatively, until this point, the parchment containing the Sh'ma did not have to be put into the tefillin. See Deuteronomy 6:8. Also see note on Deuteronomy 7:12.

speak of them... when you lie down...
  This is a commandment to recite the Sh'ma twice daily.

emblem
  The tefillin. See Exodus 13:9,16. The Sh'ma is the third parchment in the tefillin.

doorposts
  Mezuzah in Hebrew, and hence the name given to the parchment. Both the Sh'ma and Deuteronomy 11:13-21 are written on the parchment in the Sh'ma; see Deuteronomy 11:20.

Massah
  See Exodus 17:7.

repulse
  (Radak, Sherashim). Hadaf in Hebrew, literally, 'push;' see Numbers 35:22. Or, 'chase' (Septuagint), or, 'break' (Targum).





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