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Exodus Chapter 11
Genesis
Exodus
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Deuteronomy

Preparations for the Final Plague
11:1 God said to Moses, 'There is one more plague that I will send against Pharaoh and Egypt. After that, he will let you leave this place. When he lets you leave, he will actually drive you out of here.
11:2 Now speak to the people discreetly, and let each man request from his friend gold and silver articles. Let every woman make [the same] request of her friends. '
11:3 God gave the people status among the Egyptians. Moses was also very highly respected in Egypt, both by Pharaoh's officials and by the people.

Death of the First-Born
11:4 Moses said [to Pharaoh] in God's name, 'Around midnight, I will go out in the midst of Egypt.
11:5 Every first-born in Egypt will die, from the first-born of Pharaoh sitting on his throne, to the first-born of the slave girl behind the millstones. Every first-born animal [will also die].
11:6 'There will be a great cry of anguish throughout all Egypt. Never before has there been anything like it, and never again will there be the like.
11:7 But among the Israelites, a dog will not even whine because of man or beast. You will then realize that God is making a miraculous distinction between Egypt and Israel.
11:8 'All your officials here will come and bow down to me. They will say, 'Leave! You and all your followers!' Only then will I leave.' He left Pharaoh in great anger.

Final Reassurance
11:9 God said to Moses, 'Pharaoh will not listen to you. This is so that I will be able to do all the more wonders in Egypt.'
11:10 Moses and Aaron had done all these wonders before Pharaoh. Still, because God had made Pharaoh obstinate, he would not let the Israelites leave his land.



Commentary:

discreetly
  (cf. Septuagint). Literally, 'in the ears of.' (See note on Exodus 10:2, Genesis 20:8).

let each man request
  See Exodus 3:22, 12:35.

in God's name
  Literally, 'This is what God says....'

not even whine...
  (Targum Yonathan; Rosh; Chizzkuni). Or, 'growl at man or beast' (Targum; Ibn Ezra; Septuagint), 'bark at...' or 'bite' (Ibn Ezra; Ralbag). Literally, 'not sharpen his tongue' (Rashi), or 'not wag its tongue' (Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim). Cf. Joshua 10:21.





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