Moses then designated three cities on the east of the Jordan, toward the rising sun,
Az yavdil Moshe shalosh arim be'ever haYarden mizrechah shamesh.
||where a murderer could escape. If a person killed his neighbor without intent and without prior enmity, he would be able to escape to one of these cities and live.
Lanus shamah rotse'ach asher yirtsach et-re'ehu bivli-da'at vehu lo-sone lo mitmol shilshom venas el-achat min-he'arim ha'el vachay.
(Ramban; cf. Ibn Ezra). Or, 'Then I designated' (Chizzkuni). Some say that Moses designated these cities after he had been told that he would not see the promised land (Devarim Rabbah 2:26; Malbim), or after he saw it from afar (Tzafenath Paaneach).
Literally, 'other side.'
|where a murderer...|
See Numbers 35:14.