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36:34 Yovav died, and he was succeeded as king by Chusham from the land of the Temanites.
Vayamot Yovav vayimloch tachtav Chusham me'erets haTeymani.
36:35 Chusham died, and he was succeeded as king by Hadad son of Badad, who defeated Midian in the field of Moab. The name of his capital was Avith.
Vayamot Chusham vayimloch tachtav Hadad ben-Bedad hamakeh et-Midyan bisdeh Mo'av veshem iro Avit.
36:36 Hadad died, and he was succeeded as king by Samlah of Masrekah.
Vayamot Hadad vayimloch tachtav Samlah mi-Masrekah.


  He reigned for 20 years, from 2298 to 2318 (Sefer HaYashar, pp. 168, 173). He died around the same time as Dan.

  Teman is associated with Botzrah (Amos 1:12). It is therefore a capital city of Esau (Obadiah 1:9; Bachya; BaMidbar Rabbah 14:10). This is identified with a city a mile or two east of Petra, some 50 miles south of the Dead Sea. Others identify it with Mocha, a city in Yemen, and hence, Yemen is known as Teman (MeAm Lo'ez/The Torah Anthology 3:209). The Targum simply renders it as 'South.'

Hadad son of Badad
  He reigned 35 years, from 2318 to 2353, and died in the same year as Kohath son of Levi (Sefer HaYashar, p. 173). Hadad was the name of a Syrian storm god, and was hence a common name. See 1 Kings 11:14, 15:18. (cf. Ibn Ezra on 36:31).

who defeated...
  This took place before the Exodus (Sefer HaYashar, p. 174). Later Midian and Moab made peace out of fear of the Israelites (Rashi; Sifri, Rashi, on Numbers 22:4; BaMidbar Rabbah 20:5). These sources would also contradict the teaching that Bela was Balaam (note on Genesis 36:32).

  He reigned 18 years, from 2353 to 2371 (Sefer HaYashar pp. 182, 188).

  Some associate this with the Tzemari mentioned in Genesis 10:18 (Sekhel Tov).

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