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2:4 If he brings a meal offering that was baked in an oven, it shall consist [either] of unleavened loaves made of wheat meal mixed with olive oil, or flat matzahs saturated with olive oil.
Vechi takriv korban minchah ma'afeh tanur solet chalot matsot blulot bashemen urkikey matsot meshuchim bashamen.


  Challoth in Hebrew. This denotes thick, and possibly round, loaves (Ibn Ezra). See note on Leviticus 2:6.

mixed with olive oil
  Together with warm water ( Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:8). All meal offerings were kneaded with warm water (Menachoth 55a; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 12:21) Some say that this made a better quality loaf (Tifereth Yisrael, Menachoth 5:8), especially since the offerings were made with coarse meal. According to others, warm water was used so that additional care would be taken that the offering not begin to ferment (Likutey Halakhoth, Zevach Todah, Menachoth, p. 22a,b; Metzafeh Ethan on Menachoth 53a; cf. Rashi, Menachoth 53a, s.v. Menayin).

  (Menachoth 63a; Rashi). Literally 'and.'

  Literally, 'anointed.' A log (10 oz.) of oil was taken, and rubbed on the unperforated matzahs until it was all absorbed (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:9). According to others, the matzahs were anointed with the oil in the form of an X (see Exodus 29:7), and the rest of the oil could be consumed by the priests (cf. Rashi; Menachoth 74b, 75a).

Some say that the matzahs were oiled after they were baked (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:8), but others question this and state that they may have been oiled before baking (Ralbag).

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