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34:7 This shall be your northern boundary. From the Mediterranean Sea, draw a line to Hor Mountain.
Vezeh-yiheyeh lachem gvul tsafon min-hayam hagadol teta'u lachem Hor hahar.
34:8 From Hor Mountain draw a line along the Chamath Highway, so that the extreme edge of the boundary is toward Tzedad.
MeHor hahar teta'u levo Chamat vehayu tots'ot hagvul Tsedadah.


draw a line
  (Targum; Bachya). Or, 'mark a boundary' (Saadia; Radak, Sherashim), or, 'turn around' (Rashi).

Hor Mountain
  This is not the same Hor Mountain as in Numbers 33:37 (Abarbanel; Paaneach Razah). This is identified with Amanah mountains (Targum Yonathan; Rashi, Gittin 8a, s.v. Eyzehu), which are usually identified with Jebel Zebedani, the range passing through Lebanon and Syria. See Song of Songs (Rashi ad loc.), 2 Kings 5:12. It may also be Mount Amanus, the modern Giaour Dagh. Other sources identify it with Banas, possibly associated with the modern Baniyas on the Syrian Coast. Some say that it is the mountain El Hori Adah, some 15 miles south of Latakia, on the Syrian Coast due west of Chamath (Kaftor VaPherach 11, 42a). It would be some 160 miles south of the present Israeli border.

Chamath Highway
  See Numbers, 13:21; 2 Kings 14:25. Chamath is a city in Syria, some 50 miles from the Mediterranean; the modern Hamah.

Some sources note that Chamath is near Antioch (Targum Yerushalmi; Rashi). Others note that the boundary line runs approximately from the Amanah Mountains to Tiberias (Targum Yonathan).

  See Ezekiel 47:15. The Septuagint renders it as Saradac. Tzedad is thought to be Sedad, some 70 miles east of Byblos, and 55 miles south of Chamath. This would indicate that the border turns sharply south at Chamath. Others identify Tzedad with the Baghche Pass.

Other sources identify Tzedad with Khirbet Serada, north of Abil, East of Merj Ajun, toward Hermon. Ancient sources state that Tzedad is Avlas of Kilka'ey (Targum Yerushalmi), which is probably Avlas in Cilicia, or Pylae Ciliciae on the northeast corner of the Mediterranean.

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