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21:30 'Take these seven ewes from my hand,' replied [Abraham]. 'It will be my proof that I dug this well.'
Vayomer ki et-sheva kevasot tikach miyadi ba'avur tihyeh li le'edah ki chafarti et-habe'er hazot.
21:31 That area was therefore called Beer-sheba, since the two had made an oath there.
Al-ken kara lamakom hahu Be'er Shava ki sham nishbe'u shneyhem.
21:32 They thus made a treaty in Beer-sheba. Abimelekh and his general Pikhol then left, and they returned to the land of the Philistines.
Vayichretu verit biVe'er Shava vayakom Avimelech uFichol sar-tseva'o vayashuvu el-erets Plishtim.
21:33 [Abraham] planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he called in the name of God, Lord of the Universe.
Vayita eshel biVe'er Shava vayikra-sham beshem Adonay El Olam.


  Beer Sheva in Hebrew, literally, 'Well of the Seven,' alluding to the seven ewes (Midrash HaGadol). See note on Genesis 21:28. See notes on Genesis 20:15, 21:14.

  Eshel in Hebrew (see Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim). Also see 1 Samuel 22:6, 31:13. The Targum also renders it as a tree. The tamarisk is a wide tree of the Tamarix family, with small leaves like a cypress. Some identify it with the shittim wood used in the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:5; cf. Bereshith Rabbah 94; Tanchuma. Terumah 9). In the Talmud, however, the eshel is identified as an orchard or an inn for wayfarers (Sotah 10a; Rashi).

Lord of the Universe
  Or 'Eternal Lord.'

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