||He was king in Jeshurun when the people's leaders gathered themselves together, [and] the tribes of Israel were united.
Vayehi viYeshurun melech behit'asef rashey am yachad shivtey Yisra'el.
||May Reuben live and not die, although his ranks are numbered.
Yechi Re'uven ve'al-yamot vyhi metav mispar.
(Saadia; Ibn Ezra). Or, 'God' (Rashi; Ramban; Abarbanel); or, 'Joshua' (Malbim). Or, 'There shall be a king...' speaking of Saul (Ralbag). Others say that the Torah is the king (Yehudah HaLevi, in Ibn Ezra).
See Deuteronomy 32:15.
See Deuteronomy 31:28 (Ibn Ezra). Or, 'When the people gather themselves together, [God] will be king in Jeshurun' (Baaley Tosafoth).
|although his ranks are numbered|
(Ralbag; cf. Ramban). Or, 'may his ranks be many in number (Tur; Septuagint); 'may he retain his full number' (Baaley Tosafoth; Paaneach Razah; Abarbanel); 'may he not be few in number' (Saadia; Ibn Ezra); 'may those unfit for battle be few' (Malbim); 'may he be counted with the others' (Rashi), or, 'may his men have power' (Sifri).