Contents Calendar Find Reference
Navigating the Bible
Genesis Chayey Sarah
  Lech Lecha
  Chayey Sarah
First Reading, Second Reading, Third Reading, Fourth Reading, Fifth Reading, Sixth Reading, Seventh Reading, Last Reading

Chayey Sarah

 25:1  25:2
25:2 She bore him Zimran, Yakshan, Medan, Midian, Yishbak and Shuach.
Vateled lo et-Zimran ve'et-Yokshan ve'et-Medan ve'et-Midyan ve'et-Yishbak ve'et-Shuach.
25:3 Yakshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were the Ashurim, Letushim and Leumim.
VeYokshan yalad et-Sheva ve'et-Dedan uveney Dedan hayu Ashurim uLtushim uLe'umim.
25:4 The sons of Midian were Eiphah, Epher, Enoch, Avidah and Elda'ah.

All these were Keturah's descendants.
Uveney Midyan Eyfah vaEfer vaChanoch va'Avida ve'Elda'ah kol-eleh beney Keturah.


  See Radak on Jeremiah 25:25. Some identify him with Zabram, a major city between Mecca and Medina mentioned in Ptolemy's Geography. Josephus renders the name Zambran.

  See Genesis 37:36. Possibly associated with Medina.

  A well known nation, living to the northeast of the gulf of Aqaba on the Arabian Peninsula, in what is now southern Jordan. See Genesis 37:28, 36:25. They were often involved with the Israelites; Numbers 22:4, Judges 7:12, 6:1, etc. Most significantly, Moses married a Midianite woman (Exodus 2:16).

  Job's friend in the land of Utz (Genesis 10:23, 22:21) was Bildad from Shuach (Job 2:11, Ibn Ezra ad loc.). In ancient times there was a nation by the name of Sachia in western Arabia, to the east of Batanaea (Ptolemy, Geography 5:15).

Sheba and Dedan
  See Genesis 10:7 and 10:28. The Targum on 1 Chronicles 1:32 translates these as Zmargad and M'zag, the same as on 1 Chronicles 1:9, and Genesis 10:7 (see note there). Since the Targum relates them, the verse may be speaking of groups that lived in specific places, and not individuals. Josephus renders Sheba here as Shabathan.

  A nation (Rashi; Josephus). See Genesis 2:14, 10:11; note on Genesis 25:18. Possibly associated with Shur or Asir in Yemen. These are omitted in Chronicles. The Targum translates the three names here as, 'caravan drivers, traders and colonists' (cf. Targum Yonathan; Bereshith Rabbah 61; Rashi; see Targum on 46:3).

sons of Midian
  Midian had five kings, for each of these five nations; Numbers 31:8.

  An Arabian tribe mentioned as bringing gold and incense in caravans from Sheba; Isaiah 60:6 (Rashi ad loc.). The Targum on Isaiah 60:6 renders it Halad, while the Targum on 1 Chronicles 1:33 renders it Chavaled.

  From which Africa received its name according to Josephus. He also quotes Alexander Polyhistor (c. 100-40 b.c.e.) that this Epher conquered Libia and gave it his name, Africa (Antiquities 1:15:1).

  Chanokh in Hebrew. See Genesis 4:17, 5:18.

Copyright © 2000 World ORT
Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.