||While Jacob was living undisturbed in the area, Reuben went and disturbed the sleeping arrangements of Bilhah, his father's concubine. Jacob heard about it. |
Jacob had twelve sons.
Vayehi bishkon Yisra'el ba'arets hahi vayelech Re'uven vayishkav et-Bilhah pilegesh aviv vayishma Yisra'el.
||The sons of Leah were Reuben (Jacob's first-born), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
Vayihyu veney-Ya'akov shneym-asar. Bney Leah bechor Ya'akov Re'uven veShim'on veLevi viYehudah veYisachar uZvulun.
|disturbed the sleeping arrangements|
According to Talmudic tradition, after Rachel's death, Jacob moved his bed to the tent of Rachel's handmaid Bilhah. Reuven moved Jacob's bed and placed it in Leah's tent (Shabbath 55a, b; Targum Yonathan; Rashi). The Hebrew word here, shakhav, literally means to lie down or to make bedding arrangements, but it is often used as a euphemism for sex. Some say that Reuben actually desired Bilhah and lay next to her (Yov'loth 33:2,4). At the time Bilhah was drunk (Tzava'ath Reuven 4:13). In any case, Reuven lost the birthright because of this. See Genesis 49:4; 1 Chronicles 5:1. See 2 Samuel 16:22, 20:3.