||[God] said to Moses, 'Go up to God along with Aaron, Nadav and Avihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel. [All of] you must bow down at a distance.
Ve'el-Moshe amar aleh el-Adonay atah ve'Aharon Nadav va'Avihu veshiv'im mizikney Yisra'el vehishtachavitem merachok.
||Only Moses shall then approach God. The others may not come close, and the people may not go up with him.
Venigash Moshe levado el-Adonay vehem lo yigashu veha'am lo ya'alu imo.
||Moses came and told the people all of God's words and all the laws. The people all responded with a single voice, 'We will keep every word that God has spoken.'
Vayavo Moshe vayesaper la'am et kol-divrey Adonay ve'et kol-hamishpatim vaya'an kol-ha'am kol echad vayomru kol-hadevarim asher-diber Adonay na'aseh.
(Ramban; Lekach Tov; Ralbag). Or 'an angel' (Sanhedrin 38b; Targum Yonathan; Malbim). Some say that it is the angel mentioned in Exodus 23:20 (Abarbanel).
According to many authorities, this is in chronological order, and Moses was now called after the Ten Commandments (Ibn Ezra; Ramban; Targum Yonathan). According to others, this was before the Ten Commandments, on the fourth day (Rashi; Mekhilta on Exodus 19:10; Lekach Tov; Midrash HaGadol).
|Nadav and Avihu|
Aaron's sons, see Exodus 6:23.
See note on Exodus 3:16.