||However, among the cud-chewing, hoofed animals, these are the ones that you may not eat:|
The camel shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.
Ach et-zeh lo tochlu mima'aley hagerah umimafrisey haparsah et-hagamal ki-ma'aleh gera hu ufarsah eynenu mafris tame hu lachem.
||The hyrax shall be unclean to you although it brings up its cud, since it does not have a true hoof.
Ve'et-hashafan ki-ma'aleh gerah hu ufarsah lo yafris tame hu lachem.
|does not have a true hoof|
(see Leviticus 11:3). The hooves of the camel are so reduced that they are like claws, and the padded soles support most of the weight. Some, however, understand the padded sole to be the 'hoof' here, and translate it, 'does not have a cloven hoof' (Rashi).
Hyrax syriacus or Procavia capens syriaca. Shafan in Hebrew; chiorogryllios in Greek, (Septuagint); tafan in Arabic. The hyrax is a small mammal, around 20 inches long, living in the Negev mountains. It has short feet, covered with elastic, a flexible tail-less body, and pads. It nests in the clefts of rocks (Psalms 104:18), and lives in small groups (Proverbs 30:26). Since it has a maw like a ruminant, it is considered to 'bring up its cud.'
Saadia similarly translates it into the Arabic wabr, denoting the hyrax or rock badger (cf. Malbim). Other sources translate it as a coney or jerboa.