Contents Calendar Find Reference
Navigating the Bible
Leviticus Kedoshim
  Acharey Mot
First Reading, Second Reading, Third Reading, Fourth Reading, Fifth Reading, Sixth Reading, Seventh Reading, Last Reading
First Reading, Second Reading, Third Reading, Fourth Reading, Fifth Reading, Sixth Reading, Seventh Reading, Last Reading


19:19 Keep My decrees:

Do not crossbreed your livestock with other species.

Do not plant your field with different species of seeds.

Do not wear a garment that contains a forbidden mixture of fabrics.
Et-chukotay tishmoru behemtecha lo-tarbia kil'ayim sadecha lo-tizra kil'ayim uveged kil'ayim sha'atnez lo ya'aleh aleycha.

19:20 If a man lies carnally with a slave woman who is half married to [another] man, and she has not been redeemed or given her freedom, she must be physically punished. However, since she has not been freed, [the two] shall not be put to death.
Ve'ish ki-yishkav et-ishah shichvat-zera vehi shifchah necherefet le'ish vehofdeh lo nifdatah o chufshah lo nitan-lah bikoret tiheyeh lo yumtu ki-lo chupashah.


forbidden mixture
  Of wool and linen ( Deuteronomy 22:11). Shaatnez in Hebrew. It is forbidden whether the wool and linen are spun together, woven together, or sewn together (Yad, Kelayim 10:2,3).

slave woman
  A woman who is half slave and half free (Kerithoth 11a; Yad, Issurey Biyah 3:13). Such a situation can arise if her freedom is partially bought (Gittin 41b; Yad, Avadim 7:4). Similarly, if a slave belongs to two partners, and is freed by one of them, the slave is half free (Ibid.). According to some, however, the Torah here is speaking of a woman who is fully a slave (Rabbi Yishmael, Sifra, Kerithoth 11a). According to all opinions, it is speaking of a born gentile, who was purchased as a slave by a Jew. A born Jewish woman cannot be a slave (except for a minor; see Exodus 21:7).

half married
  (cf. Ramban; Yerushalmi, Kiddushin 1:1; Radak, Sherashim). Ne-cherefeth in Hebrew. Since there is no marriage for a slave, only the 'half' of the woman who is free is married. According to those who hold that this is speaking of a woman who is a total slave, the 'marriage' is conditional, and is automatically nullified when the husband (see next comment) is given his freedom (see Exodus 21:4).

  The only man that a woman may marry is another slave. According to tradition, it is speaking of a case where she is married to a Hebrew slave (cf. Exodus 21:4).

  When another person gives the slave's master money for his freedom (Yad, Avadim 5:2; Kiddushin 23a; Rashi). According to the majority opinion (above), it is speaking of the case where she was partially redeemed (Kerithoth 11a; Rashi; Malbim).

physically punished
  (Septuagint). Bakar in Hebrew. She is flogged (Yad, Issurey Biyah 3:14; Rashi). Some say that this is because she is flogged with a lash made from the skin of a large animal (bakar) (Radak, Sherashim; cf. Makkoth 22b). Or, 'she shall be disgraced' (Ibn Janach). Or, 'she is public property' and not completely married (Radak, Sherashim).

Copyright © 2000 World ORT
Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.