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VaYelech

  
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 31:1
 31:2
31:1 First Reading
Moses went and spoke the following words to all Israel,
Vayelech Moshe vayedaber et-hadevarim ha'eleh el-kol-Yisra'el.
31:2 saying to them:

Today I am 120 years old and I can no longer come and go. God has [also] told me that I would not cross the Jordan.
Vayomer alehem ben-me'ah ve'esrim shanah anochi hayom lo-uchal od latset velavo v'Adonay amar elay lo ta'avor et-haYarden hazeh.




Commentary:

went
  To each tribe (Ibn Ezra), to each individual tent, to the Israelite camp (Ramban; Malbim), to the study hall (Targum Yonathan; see Exodus 33:7), from the Communion Tent (Chizzkuni). Or, Moses went to the Israelites instead of assembling them to him as usual (Hirsch). Or, 'Moses took the initiative' (Sforno), or, 'Moses finished speaking' (Septuagint).

Today I am 120 years old
  This was actually Moses' 120th birthday, and it was the day he died; see Deuteronomy 34:7 (Sotah 13b).

come and go
  Literally, 'go out and come.' See Numbers 27:17. Some say that this denotes leadership in Torah learning (Sotah 13b; Ramban) or in war (Ibn Ezra).

also
  (Baaley Tosafoth; cf. Ramban). Or, '[because] God told me ...' (Rashi).





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