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Deuteronomy Ki Tavo
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Ki Tavo

26:5 You shall then make the following declaration before God your Lord:
'My ancestor was a homeless Aramaean. He went to Egypt with a small number of men and lived there as an immigrant, but it was there that he became a great, powerful, and populous nation.

Ve'anita ve'amarta lifney Adonay Eloheycha Arami oved avi vayered Mitsraymah vayagor sham bimtey me'at vayehi-sham legoy gadol atsum varav.
26:6 The Egyptians were cruel to us, making us suffer and imposing harsh slavery on us.
Vayare'u otanu haMitsrim vaye'anunu vayitnu aleynu avodah kashah.


You shall then
  After taking the basket back from the priest (Rashi on Deuteronomy 26:10). Or while waving the basket (cf. Yad, Bikkurim 3:12; Tosafoth Yom Tov on Bikkurim 3:6). Or before the priest takes the basket (Shenoth Eliahu, Bikkurim 3:6).

  Jacob. Or, Abraham (Rashbam).

homeless Aramaean
  (Rashbam; Sforno; cf. Chizzkuni on 11:17). Or, 'a poor Aramaean' (Ibn Ezra, Chizzkuni; Bachya), or, 'a persecuted Aramaean' (Radak, Sherashim). Jacob is referred to as an Aramaean because this was the homeland of his ancestors. Or, 'my ancestor was exiled to Aramaea' (Targum Yonathan; Ralbag), or, 'my ancestor abandoned Aramaea' (Septuagint). Or, 'An Aramaean [tried to] destroy my ancestor [Jacob],' where the Aramaean is Laban (cf. Genesis 31:22,29; Targum; Sifri; Saadia; Rashi).

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