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Deuteronomy VaEtchanan
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4:43 [The cities were] Betzer in the desert flatlands for the Reubenites, Ramoth in the Gilead for the Gaddites, and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites.
Et-betser bamidbar be'erets hamishor la-R'uveni ve'et-Ramot baGil'ad la-Gadi ve'et-Golan baBashan la-Menashi.
4:44 This is the law that Moses presented before the Israelites.
Vezot hatorah asher-sam Moshe lifney beney Yisra'el.


  See Joshua 20:8, 1 Chronicles 6:63. Although its exact location is unknown, the Talmud (Makkoth 9b) states that it was parallel to Hebron, and it was therefore probably near Divon (see Numbers 21:30). Some identify it with Bosor in 1 Maccabees 5:26,28. It is also identified with Kevathirim (Targum Yonathan), which is also unknown.

  Usually identified with Ramoth Gilead; see Joshua 21:36, 1 Kings 22:3. This is the modern Tell Remith or es-Salt, 25 miles east of the Jordan, and 12 miles south of the Kinnereth. However, according to the Talmud, Ramoth parallels Shechem, while Tell Remith is considerably to its north.

  See Joshua 20:8, 21:7, 1 Chronicles 6:56. It was later known as Gaulon (Eusebius, Omonastica Sacra 242), and Gaulanitis (Josephus, Antiquities 8:2:3, Wars 1:4:4, 3:3:1, 4:1:1, 4:1:5). This is the modern Jaulan or Sachem el Jolan, some 18 miles east of the Kinnereth. Other sources identify it with an unknown city, Dabra (Targum Yonathan). The Talmud states that it parallels Kadesh in Naphtali.

  All the above (Lekach Tov; cf. Bachya). Or, the following (Rashi).

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