|A place in the Negev on the border of the territory of Edom. Mentioned at Genesis 14:7 in the account of the campaign of Chedorlaomer and in Numbers 20 as the place where Miriam died, and where Moses brought forth the water from the rock and sent out the twelve spies. Identified by modern scholars with Kadesh Barnea (probably Ain Qudeis, or Ain Qudeirat), but some rabbinic authorities distinguish the two. It should not be confused with Kadesh on the Orontes river (northern Lebanon) which is an important archeological site but is not mentioned in the Bible.|
|A town in the Negev identified by modern scholars as either Ain Qudeis or Ain Qudeirat. Mentioned in Numbers 34:4 as the southern point of the boundary of the Promised Land, and at Numbers 32:8, Deuteronomy 1:19 and Deuteronomy 9:23 as the place from which the twelve spies were sent into Canaan by Moses. It is sometimes identified with Kadesh (where Miriam died), although some rabbinic authorities dispute this, and is also thought to be the Rithmah listed at Numbers 33:18-19.|
|Also known as the eastern desert (kedem meaning 'east' in Hebrew). It is sometimes identified with Matanah in Numbers 21:18 and is also linked with the modern ez-Za'feran, about 16 km (26 miles) north of the river Arnon. It became part of the territory belonging to Reuben during the period of Joshua and is mentioned at Deuteronomy 2:26 when the Israelites were passing through the eastern part of king Sichon's territory.|
|One of the encampments of the Israelites in the Wilderness, only mentioned at Numbers 33:22-3. Its location is unknown.|
|A staging-post on the journey of the Israelites through the desert, mentioned in Numbers 33:22-3.|
|1. Son of Eliphaz and a grandson of Esau, he was an Edomite leader (Genesis 36:11, 15, 42).
2. Caleb was the stepson of Kenaz: 'the son of Yephuneh the Kenizite' Numbers 32:12).
The Kenizites were an ethnic group that lived mainly in the southern area of the central hill country (the Negev region). God promised to deliver their lands to Abraham's descendants (Genesis 15:19).|
|This city is mentioned at Genesis 38:5, and is the birthplace of Shelah, son of Judah. It is also known as Cheziv, Achziv or Akhziv and modern scholars have associated it with Tel el-Beida, north of Lachish.|
|A stretch of road running through the territory of Edom. Moses sent messengers to the Edomites, seeking permission to use the Highway, which was refused (Numbers 20:14-21).|
|Also known as the Sea of Galilee, this is the second largest lake in the Jordan valley. It is mentioned at Numbers 34:12 as forming part of the eastern border of the Promised Land.|
|Kiryathaim, meaning 'double city', was one of the fortress cities built up by the descendants of the tribe of Reuben. The tribes of Gad and Reuben claimed the lands surrounding Ya'ezer and Gilead for raising their livestock, even though this area was on the eastern bank of the Jordan. After attempting to persuade them to settle in Canaan, Moses granted them permission to settle in Transjordan on condition that they armed themselves and led the other Israelites across the Jordan river as an advance guard (Numbers 32). It is possibly near the modern city of el Qereiyat, situated 13 km (8 miles) east of the Dead Sea and about 10km (6t miles) north-west of Divon, but its exact location is still unknown.|