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Calach (sometimes spelt Calah) is mentioned in Genesis 10:11 as having been founded by Asshur. Rabbinic sources make several attempts to identify it: it is now thought to be the city of Nimrud in modern Iraq.
A city in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) mentioned in Genesis 10:10 as part of the kingdom of Nimrod.
Challenge, Esek
One of the wells dug by Isaac in the Gerar valley (Genesis 26:20).
A city on the east bank of the Orontes river, described as Canaanite in Genesis 10:18. Chamath was the most northerly area reached by Joshua and the spies in Numbers 13:21. The Chamath Highway is mentioned at Numbers 34:8 as part of the northern border of the Promised Land. It is now Hamah in modern Syria.
One of the encampments of the Israelites in the Wilderness. It is only mentioned at Numbers 33:24-5, and its location remains unknown.
A city in north-west Mesopotamia (now Altinbashak, near Urfa in modern Turkey) situated on a tributary of the Euphrates river. Terach and Abraham settled in Charan after leaving Ur Casdim (Genesis 11:31). Charan was home to Isaac's bride Rebecca.Jacob fled to Charan to escape the wrath of Esau (Genesis 29:4) and married Laban's daughters Rachel and Leah. All of Jacob's children with the exception of Benjamin were born in Charan (Genesis 29:32-32:24). Known in classical times as Carrhae, it later became the headquarters of the Sabbean religion described by Maimonides.
See Chormah.
An encampment of the Israelites in the Wilderness, mentioned at Numbers 33:29-30. It is sometimes identified with Selmonah, but its exact location remains unknown.
Chatzar Adar
A place in the Negev mentioned at Numbers 34:4 in describing the borders of the Promised Land. Its exact location is uncertain.
Chatzar Eynan
A locality mentioned at Numbers 34:9 as the easternmost point of the northern border of the Promised Land. It is uncertain whether this is Al Qaryatein, 130 km (80 miles) north-east of Damascus, Chatzan Alakrat, 48 km (30 miles) south-west of Chamath or Ain Tab.
Chatzatzon Tamar
A place mentioned at Genesis 14:7 as the home of the Amorites defeated by Chedorlaomer. Identified by some rabbinic authorities with Ein Gedi.
One of the stopping-places of the Israelites during the Exodus: it was here that Miriam became leprous (Numbers 12:1-16). It is generally identified with Ain Khadra, an oasis with a well about 59 km (37 miles) north-east of Sinai, on the way to Aqaba.
The capital of the Amorites, occupied by the Israelites after their defeat of the Amorite king Sichon at Yahatz (Numbers 21:25-30). It was 24 km (15 miles) from Cheshbon to the northernmost end of the Dead Sea. Cheshbon was among the cities petitioned by the descendants of the tribes of Reuben and Gad. These tribes claimed the lands around Ya'ezer and Gilead for raising livestock, even though this area was on the eastern bank of the Jordan. After attempting to persuade them to settle in Canaan, Moses granted them permission to settle in Transjordan on condition that they armed themselves and led the other Israelites across the Jordan river as an advance guard (Numbers 32).
Chor HaGidgad
One of the encampments of the Israelites in the Wilderness (Numbers 33:32). Its exact location is uncertain, although its promximity to Beney Yaakan and Yatvathah may indicate that it might have been in the mountains west of Wadi Arabah. The reference to Gudgodah at Deuteronomy 10:7 may be another name for the same location.
A town in the Negev (although some rabbinic sources place it in northern Canaan), where the Israelites were defeated by the Amalekites and the Canaanites after the episode of the twelve spies (Numbers 14:45). A victory over the Canaanites is mentioned at Numbers 21:3 as having happened at the same place; the name is explained as meaning 'forbidden', because of the interdict then placed on the city. Some authorities believe that the two stories refer to different places.
A place in Syria, site unidentified, mentioned at Genesis 14:15 in connection with Abraham's pursuit of Chedorlaomer and his allies.
Cities of the Plain
A collective name for the five cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Tzevoyim and Bela (Tzoar). (Genesis 12; Genesis 19).
Cluster Valley (Nachal Eshkol)
So called because of the cluster of grapes carried by two of the spies returning from Canaan (Numbers 13:23). Its location is unclear.

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