|Daughter-in-law of Judah and the wife of his first-born son Er. After Er's death, Tamar became the wife of Onan, his brother, in accordance with the custom of priestly marriage. As Onan knew that any son born from such a union would not carry his name, he practiced coitus interruptus and was killed by God for his behaviour (Genesis 38:6-10). When Judah refused to marry her to his third son Shelah, Tamar tricked Judah into sleeping with him by disguising herself as a sacred prostitute, and had twin sons by him, Peretz and Zerach (Genesis 38:12-30).|
|Son of Yavan and great-grandson of Noah. Identified with Tarsus (in modern Turkey) by some rabbinic sources: thought by modern scholars to refer to Tartessus in southern Spain. Tarshish as a place is mentioned in the Book of Jonah as the country to which Jonah wished to escape.|
|1. Descended from Shem, the father of Abraham,Nachor and Haran, c. 18th century B.C.E. Left Ur in Babylonia with the intention of reaching Canaan but settled in Haran. Unlike his son Abraham, Terach remained a worshipper of idols and did not adopt Abraham's monotheistic belief. He died aged 205 in Haran.
2. An encampment of the Israelites in the Wilderness, mentioned only at Numbers 33:27-8. Its location remains unknown.|
|1.Concubine of Eliphaz, son of Esau. Their son was Amalek (Genesis 36:12). |
2. Daughter of Seir the Horite leader, she was the sister of Lotan (Genesis 36:22).
3. An Edomite chieftain descended from Esau (Genesis 36:40).
4. A city now known as Tibna, situated 6.5km (4 miles) north-east of Adullam, in the hill country of Judah. Tamar waited for her father-in-law Judah at the entrance of Eynayim, on the road to Timna, disguised as a sacred prostitute.
|Son of Yepheth and grandson of Noah. Ancestor of a people identified by some rabbinic sources with the Thracians and by modern scholars with the Tyrrhenians or Etruscans.|
|One of the sons of Gomer (Genesis 10:3). Togarmah appears in Old Assyrian and Hittite writings as a point on a main trade route between Carchemish and Charan. Togarmah was the capital of Kammanu on the border of Tuval until its destruction in 695 B.C.E. It is sometimes identified with Gauraena (modern-day Gurun) in Turkey.|
|Son of Yepheth and grandson of Noah. Ancestor of an Indo-European nation, variously placed in Bithynia (modern Turkey), Italy or Spain.|
|Traditionally known as descendants of Canaan (Genesis 10:17), the 'wool people' are thought to originate from Emasa, a city on the eastern bank of the Orontes river in Syria.|
|Wife of Moses and daughter of Jethro the Midianite. After they left Egypt with their elder son Gershom and their new-born son Eliezer, Moses fell ill and Tzipporah circumcised the baby with a sharp flint, thereby saving his life (Exodus 4:19, 24-26). Later, Tzipporah and their children went back to live with Jethro, joining him when Moses returned to the desert (Exodus 18:2-4).|