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Exodus Chapter 11
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Preparations for the Final Plague
11:1 God said to Moses, 'There is one more plague that I will send against Pharaoh and Egypt. After that, he will let you leave this place. When he lets you leave, he will actually drive you out of here.
11:2 Now speak to the people discreetly, and let each man request from his friend gold and silver articles. Let every woman make [the same] request of her friends. '
11:3 God gave the people status among the Egyptians. Moses was also very highly respected in Egypt, both by Pharaoh's officials and by the people.

Death of the First-Born
11:4 Moses said [to Pharaoh] in God's name, 'Around midnight, I will go out in the midst of Egypt.
11:5 Every first-born in Egypt will die, from the first-born of Pharaoh sitting on his throne, to the first-born of the slave girl behind the millstones. Every first-born animal [will also die].
11:6 'There will be a great cry of anguish throughout all Egypt. Never before has there been anything like it, and never again will there be the like.
11:7 But among the Israelites, a dog will not even whine because of man or beast. You will then realize that God is making a miraculous distinction between Egypt and Israel.
11:8 'All your officials here will come and bow down to me. They will say, 'Leave! You and all your followers!' Only then will I leave.' He left Pharaoh in great anger.

Final Reassurance
11:9 God said to Moses, 'Pharaoh will not listen to you. This is so that I will be able to do all the more wonders in Egypt.'
11:10 Moses and Aaron had done all these wonders before Pharaoh. Still, because God had made Pharaoh obstinate, he would not let the Israelites leave his land.


  (cf. Septuagint). Literally, 'in the ears of.' (See note on Exodus 10:2, Genesis 20:8).

let each man request
  See Exodus 3:22, 12:35.

in God's name
  Literally, 'This is what God says....'

not even whine...
  (Targum Yonathan; Rosh; Chizzkuni). Or, 'growl at man or beast' (Targum; Ibn Ezra; Septuagint), 'bark at...' or 'bite' (Ibn Ezra; Ralbag). Literally, 'not sharpen his tongue' (Rashi), or 'not wag its tongue' (Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim). Cf. Joshua 10:21.

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