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Exodus Chapter 35
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The Sabbath
35:1 Moses assembled the entire Israelite community and said to them, 'These are the words that God has commanded for [you] to do:
35:2 'You may do work during the six weekdays, but Saturday must be kept holy as a Sabbath of Sabbaths to God. Whoever does any work on [that day] shall be put to death.
35:3 Do not ignite any fire on the Sabbath, no matter where you may live.'

Materials for the Tabernacle
35:4 Moses said to the entire Israelite community, 'This is the word that God has commanded:
35:5 'Collect among yourselves an elevated offering to God. If a person feels like giving an offering to God, he can bring any of the following: gold, silver, copper,
35:6 sky-blue [wool], dark red [wool], [wool died with] the crimson worm, fine linen, goats' wool,
35:7 reddened ram's skins, blue processed hides, acacia wood,
35:8 oil for the lamp, fragrances for the anointing oil and perfume incense,
35:9 as well as sardonyxes and other precious stones for the ephod and the breastplate.
35:10 'Every naturally talented individual among you shall come forth and make all that God has ordered:
35:11 The tabernacle along with its over-tent, roof, fasteners, beams, crossbars and pillars;
35:12 the ark and its carrying poles, the ark cover, the cloth partition;
35:13 the table along with its carrying poles, all its utensils and the showbread;
35:14 the menorah lamp along with its utensils, lights and illuminating oil;
35:15 the incense altar and its carrying poles; the anointing oil, the perfumed incense, the drape for the tabernacle's entrance;
35:16 the sacrificial altar along with its carrying poles and all its utensils; the washstand and its base;
35:17 the hangings for the enclosure, its pillars and bases, the drape for the enclosure's entrance;
35:18 the stakes for the tent, the stakes for the enclosure, the tying ropes;
35:19 the packing cloths for sacred use, the sacred vestments for Aaron the priest, and the vestments that his sons will wear to serve.'
35:20 The entire Israelite community left Moses' presence.
35:21 Each person who was ready to volunteer then came forward. [Also] each one who wanted to give brought a donation to God for the making of the Communion Tent, all its necessities, and the sacred vestments.
35:22 The men accompanied the women, and those who wanted to make a donation brought bracelets, earrings, finger rings, and body ornaments, all made of gold. There were also all the ones who donated a wave offering of gold to God.
35:23 Every person who had sky-blue wool, dark red wool, crimson wool, fine linen, goats' wool, reddened rams' skins or blue processed hides, brought these items.
35:24 Whoever donated silver or copper brought it as a divine offering, and anyone who had acacia wood that could be used for the dedicated work, also brought it.
35:25 Every skilled woman put her hand to spinning, and they [all] brought the spun yarn of sky-blue wool, dark red wool, crimson wool and fine linen.
35:26 Highly skilled women volunteers also spun the goats' wool.
35:27 The tribal leaders brought the sardonyxes and other precious stones for the ephod and breastplate,
35:28 as well as the fragrances and olive oil for the lamp, the anointing oil, and the perfumed incense.
35:29 Every man and woman among the Israelites who felt an urge to give something for all the work that God had ordered through Moses, brought a donation for God.

Appointing the Architects
35:30 Moses said to the Israelites: God has selected Betzalel son of Uri son of Chur, of the tribe of Judah,
35:31 and has filled him with a divine spirit of wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and [a talent for] all types of craftsmanship.
35:32 [He will thus be able] to devise plans, work in gold, silver and copper,
35:33 cut stones to be set, and do carpentry and other skilled work.
35:34 '[God] also gave to him and Oholiav son of Achisamakh, of the tribe of Dan, the ability to teach [others].
35:35 He has granted them a natural talent for all craftsmanship, to form materials, to brocade or embroider patterns with sky-blue, dark red and crimson wool and fine linen, and to weave. They will thus be able to do all the necessary work and planning.


These are the words...
  See Exodus 31:12-17.

This is the word...
  See Exodus 25:1-7.

tying ropes
  To tie the stakes to the poles and hangings (Rashi). See Exodus 27:19. Also see Numbers 3:26,37, 4:26,32.

packing cloths
  See Exodus 31:10.

who was ready to volunteer
  (Targum ; Ibn Janach). Literally, 'whose heart lifted him up.' Or, 'whose natural talents were awakened' (Ibn Ezra; Ramban; see Exodus 35:26). Or, 'each person brought according to the dictates of his heart' (Saadia).

  (Rashi; Midrash HaGadol). Chach in Hebrew. Or, 'earrings' (Ibn Ezra; Ibn Janach; Chizzkuni), 'nose rings' (Rabbenu Meyuchas, from Isaiah 37:29), 'lip rings' (Radak, Sherashim, from Ezekiel 38:4, or 'brooch' (Minchah Belulah; MeAm Lo'ez; Hirsch). Some say that the chach is a plain gold ring, while the 'earrings' and 'finger rings' mentioned below are ornamented (Lekach Tov).

  (Rabbenu Meyuchas, from Exodus 32:2). Nezem in Hebrew. Or, 'nose rings' (Ibn Ezra; Lekach Tov; from Genesis 24:47, Isaiah 3:21).

finger rings
  (Midrash HaGadol).

body ornaments
  Kumaz in Hebrew. According to some, the jeweled belt (Saadia; Peshitah). According to others, a gold genital shield for women (Shabbath 84a; Rashi), possibly a chastity belt (Rabbenu Ephraim; Maskil LeDavid; Maaseh Toviah, Gan Naul 3). Others say that it is a gold brassiere (Yerushalmi, Shabbath 6:4), an arm band (Chizzkuni), or a pornographic sculpture (Rabbi Aaron Alrabi, Kenzal). The Septuagint translates kumaz as emplokion, something that holds a garment, possibly a brooch or belt (cf. Hirsch; Pliny 11:50; Diodorus Siclus 3:44).

wave offering
  See Exodus 29:24 (cf. Sforno). This consisted of gold coins and bullion (Ramban).

tribal leaders
  See Exodus 16:22.

Moses said...
  Quoting Exodus 31:2-11.

skilled work
  (Targum; Rashi, Betza 13b). Malekheth machasheveth in Hebrew. Or, 'carefully planned work' (Chagigah 10b, top).

They will thus be able...
  (Hirsch). Or, 'along with everyone who did work and planning' (Targum); or, 'doing ordinary work and skilled craftsmanship' (Malbim).

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