Ashes of the Burnt Offering
||God spoke to Moses, telling him
||to relate the following instructions to Aaron and his descendants:
This is the law of the burnt offering. The burnt offering shall remain on the altar's hearth all night until morning, so that the altar's fires can be ignited with it.
||The priest shall then put on his linen vestments, including his linen pants. He shall remove the ashes of the burnt offerings consumed by the fire that are on the altar, and place them near the altar.
||He shall then take off his vestments, and put on other garments. He shall then take the ashes to a ritually clean place outside the camp.
||The fire of the altar shall be ignited with [the remains of the offerings]. Each morning, the priest shall kindle wood on them. On [this wood] he shall then arrange burnt offerings and burn the choice parts of the peace offerings.
||Thus, there shall be a constant fire kept burning on the altar, without being extinguished.
Laws of the Meal Offering
||This is the law of meal offering: [One of] Aaron's descendants shall offer it before God, [near the place where one ascends] to the altar.
||With his three middle fingers he shall lift up some of the wheat meal and oil of the offering, and [then remove] all the frankincense on the offering. He shall burn [this] on the altar as an appeasing fragrance - it is the memorial portion to God.
||Aaron and his descendants shall then eat the rest of [the offering]. It must be eaten as unleavened bread in a holy place. They must therefore eat it in the enclosure of the Communion Tent.
||It shall not be baked as leavened bread.
I have given this to them as their portion of My fire offerings, and it is holy of holies, like the sin offering and the guilt offering.
||Every male among Aaron's descendants may eat it. It is an eternal law for all generations [that it be taken] from God's fire offerings. Any [food] coming in contact with it shall become holy.
The High Priest's Offering
||God spoke to Moses, saying:
||This is the offering that Aaron and his descendants must bring from the day that [any one of them] is anointed [as High Priest]. It shall consist of 1/10 ephah of wheat meal, and it shall be a daily meal offering, with one half [offered] in the morning, and one half in the evening.
||It shall be prepared with olive oil on a flat pan [after being] boiled [and] baked. It is then to be presented as an offering of [many] wafers of bread, an appeasing fragrance to God.
||It is a law for all time that the anointed priest among [Aaron's] descendants shall prepare it.
It must be completely burned.
||[Similarly], every meal offering brought by a priest must be completely [burned] and not eaten.
Laws of Sin Offerings
||God spoke to Moses, telling him to
||relate the following message to Aaron and his descendants:
This is the law of the sin offering: The sin offering must be slaughtered before God in the same place that the burnt offering is slaughtered. It is holy of holies.
||[Any] priest [fit] to offer it may eat it. It must be eaten in a holy place, in the enclosure around the Communion Tent.
||Any [food] touching [the sin offering] shall become sanctified.
If its blood splashes on any garment, it must be washed off in a sanctified area.
||Any clay pot in which it is cooked must be broken. However, if it is cooked in a copper pot, [the pot] may be purged and rinsed with water.
||[Although] it is holy of holies, any male priest may eat it.
||However, any sin offering whose blood is brought into the Communion Tent to make atonement in the sanctuary may not be eaten. It must be burned in fire.
Earlier, the laws relating primarily to the people bringing the sacrifices were given. Now the laws relating to the priest's follow-up are being given (Rashbam).
(Radak, Sherashim). Mokdah in Hebrew. This is the place where the sacrifices burn (Yoma 45a).
|the altar's fires...|
(Ramban). Or, 'the fires of the [incense] altar' (Rashi; Yoma 45a).
(Targum; Ramban). Or, 'fitted tunic' (Rashi). Some say that these were of a lower quality than the priest's usual vestments (Yad, Temidim 2:10). See note on Leviticus 6:4.
|remove the ashes|
With a shovel; see Exodus 27:3. (Tamid 1:4; Yad, Temidim 2:12).
|near the altar|
To the southeast of the altar, some three handbreadths (9 inches) from the ramp (Ibid.). See Leviticus 1:16.
Of lower quality (Yoma 23b; Rashi). However, some say that sacred vestments were not required here at all since this was not considered sacred service (Yad, Temidim 2:15; Mishneh LaMelekh ibid. 2:10).
|near the place...|
(Rashi). Literally 'face.' This was at the south-west corner of the altar (Rashi;Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:12; Sotah 14b).
|three middle fingers|
See note on Leviticus 2:2.
(Rashi). This is because any food touching the meal offering becomes holy by absorbing some of the offering's taste (Sifra; Rashi; cf. Zevachim 97a,b). This teaches that the mere taste of food has the same status as the food itself. It is for this reason that food cooked together with nonkosher food becomes nonkosher (see Pesachim 44b, 45a). Also see Leviticus 6:20. The same is true of any taste absorbed in a pot or the like, see Exodus 29:37.
|from the day|
(Saadia). Literally 'on the day.' This is thus part of the inauguration ceremony of every priest (Menachoth 78a; Rashi; Yad, Kley HaMikdash 5:16). A common priest only brings this offering on the day he is installed, while the high priest brings it every day (Yad, Temidim 3:18).
|as High Priest|
(Targum Yonathan; Rashbam. See Leviticus 6:15.
Around 2 quarts. See Exodus 16:36, Leviticus 5:11, 5:15.
|one half [offered] in the morning...|
Twelve loaves were baked (see Leviticus 6:14). According to some, they were broken in half, with the first halves offered in the morning, and the others in the evening (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:4). According to others, 6 loaves were offered in the morning, and 6 in the evening (Raavad ibid.).
3 logs (around 1 quart). (Sifra;Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:2).
See Leviticus 2:5.
(Sifra; Rashi; Radak; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 9:19; see note on Exodus 29:2). Murbekheth in Hebrew. Or, 'fried' (Targum Yonathan); 'prepared quickly' (Saadia; cf. Ibn Ezra); 'soft' (Rashbam; Ibn Ezra); or, 'well mixed' or 'broken up' (Ibn Janach), or 'well kneaded' (Septuagint).
(Menachoth 50b; Rashi). 'Baked slightly' (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:3).
Twelve loaves were made. The meal was mixed with the oil, and the dough was cooked. It was divided into 12 wafers or rolls, and they were slightly baked. Each wafer was then fried in a revi'ith (2 1/2 oz.) of olive oil. (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 13:2,3; Menachoth 88b).
The High Priest.
See Leviticus 4:27-35.
(See Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 10:14).
(Rashi). Or, 'sprinkle its blood' (Ibn Ezra).
See note on Leviticus 6:11.
|If its blood...|
(See Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 8:1).
|must be broken|
The taste is absorbed in the pot (see Leviticus 6:11), and after the prescribed time, it becomes forbidden as food (Rashi; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 8:11). It is from here that we learn that a clay pot absorbs the taste of food and it cannot be purged (Rashi; Zevachim 95b). See Leviticus 11:33, 15:12.
In boiling water, to remove the taste of the offering (Zevachim 96b; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 8:12; Rashi). It is from here that we learn that pots contaminated with non-kosher food can be purged in boiling water. Also see Numbers 31:23.
|whose blood is brought...|
See Leviticus 4:5,16.