Laws of Guilt Offerings
||This is the law of the guilt offering, which is holy of holies.
||The guilt offering must be slaughtered in the same place that the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood must be dashed on all sides of the altar.
||All the choice parts, such as the broad tail and the fat covering the stomachs, must be presented.
||The two kidneys and the fat on them along the flanks, and the lobe over the liver near the kidneys, must [also] be removed.
||The priest must burn [all these] as a guilt offering on the altar, a fire offering to God.
||All the male priests may eat [the rest]. It shall be eaten in a sanctified area, since it is holy of holies.
||The sin offering and the guilt offering have exactly the same laws insofar as they can be given to [any] priest [fit] to offer them.
||[Similarly], any priest [fit] to sacrifice a person's burnt offering can [share] in the skin of the burnt offering [after] it is sacrificed.
||[The unburnt portion of] any meal offering which is baked in an oven, pan fried, or deep fried shall [also] be given to [any] priest [fit] to offer it.
||[Similarly], any meal offering, whether mixed with oil or dry, shall belong equally to all of Aaron's descendants.
Laws of Peace Offerings
||This is the law of the peace offering that is sacrificed to God.
||If it is offered as a thanksgiving offering, then it must be presented along with unleavened loaves mixed with oil, flat matzahs saturated with oil, and loaves made of boiled flour mixed with oil.
||The sacrifice shall [also] be presented along with loaves of leavened bread. [All these] shall be presented with one's thanksgiving peace offering.
||He shall present some of each [of the above four bread] offerings as an elevated gift to God. This shall belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the peace offering.
||The flesh of the thanksgiving peace offering must be eaten on the day it is offered. None of it may be left over until morning.
||[However,] if one's sacrifice offering is meant [merely] to fulfill a general vow or a specific pledge, he shall eat it on the same day that he offers his sacrifice, but what is left over may also be eaten on the next day.
||[Nevertheless,] what is left over from the sacrifice's flesh on the third day, must be burned in fire.
||If the person bringing the offering [even plans] to eat it on the third day, [the sacrifice] will not be accepted. It is considered putrid, and it will not be counted in his favor. Any person who eats it will bear his guilt.
||Any [sacrificial] flesh that comes in contact with something unclean may not be eaten; it must be burned in fire. Otherwise, any ritually clean person may eat the flesh.
||But if any person eats the flesh of a peace sacrifice to God while still in a state of ritual uncleanliness, his soul will be cut off from his people.
||Any person who comes in contact with human uncleanness, or with an unclean mammal or other unclean creature, and then eats the flesh of a peace offering to God, shall have his soul cut off from his people.
||God spoke to Moses, telling him
||to relate the following to the Israelites:
Do not eat any of the hard fat in an ox, sheep or goat.
||[Even if] an animal is improperly slaughtered or fatally wounded, you may use its hard fat for any purpose you desire, as long as you do not eat it.
||But anyone who eats the hard fat offered to God in any animal shall have his soul cut off from his people.
||Do not eat any blood, whether from a mammal or a bird, no matter where you may live.
||Any person who eats blood shall have his soul cut off from his people.
The Priests' Portion
||God spoke to Moses, telling him
||to convey the following to the Israelites:
When anyone brings a peace sacrifice to God, he must bring a special offering to God from it.
||With his own hands, he must bring the choice parts presented as a fire offering to God on top of the [animal's] chest . He shall wave the chest in the prescribed motions as a wave offering before God.
||The priest shall then burn the choice parts on the altar. The chest [on the other hand], shall belong to Aaron and his descendants.
||The right hind leg of your peace offerings shall [also] be given as an elevated gift to the priest.
||Any descendant of Aaron [fit to] offer the blood and fat of the peace offerings shall have the right leg as a portion.
||This is because I have taken the chest as a wave offering and the hind leg as an elevated gift from the Israelites, from their peace sacrifices, and I have given [these parts] to Aaron the priest and his descendants. It is a law for all times [that this be taken] from the Israelites.
||This is the [portion] of God's fire offerings [that was given when] Aaron and his sons were anointed, on the day that He brought them forth to be priests to God.
||On the day that He anointed them, God commanded that this be given to them by the Israelites. It is an eternal law for all generations.
||This then is the law of the burnt offering, the meal offering, the sin offering, the inauguration offering, and the peace offering,
||which God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai. [It was given] on the day that He commanded the Israelites to offer their sacrifices to God in the Sinai Desert.
Asham. See Leviticus 5:16,19,25.
|any priest fit...|
(Rashi; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 5:19, 10:14).
See Leviticus 2:4,5,7.
(See Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 10:15).
Without oil, see Leviticus 5:11 (Rashi).
See Leviticus 3:1-17.
See Leviticus 2:4.
See Leviticus 6:14, Exodus 29:2.
Thus, four types of bread were presented. Ten loaves of each type, for a total of 40 loaves, were presented (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 9:17-22).
One-tenth of the offering (Sifra; Rashi). Since ten of each loaf were made, one of each was given to the priest (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 8:21).
|general vow or specific pledge|
(Kinnim 1:1). Neder or nedavah in Hebrew.
( Zevachim 29a; Rashi).
(Ibn Janach; Radak, Sherashim). Piggul in Hebrew. Or, 'disgusting' (Saadia), or, 'rejected' (Targum).
|bear his guilt|
This involves being cut off spiritually (Rashi).
(Rashi). The verse merely mentions 'flesh,' but in the desert, the only flesh eaten was sacrificial flesh (see Deuteronomy 12:15).
This is the fat offered in a sacrifice, see notes on Leviticus 3:3,4.
(cf. Zevachim 69b; Pesachim 23a).
|the hard fat...|
Literally, 'the hard fat of any animal offered to God,' (although both may be taken as literal translations).
The portions burned on the altar. See Leviticus 3:9.
|on top of the animal's chest|
The fat is initially placed on top of the chest. However, when given to the priest, the fat is given first, and the chest is placed on it (Rashi). The hind leg is also placed on the chest (Sifra; Menachoth 62a; Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 9:6). See Leviticus 10:15.
See Exodus 29:24. The priest would have his hands under the hands of the owner (Yad, Maaseh HaKorbanoth 9:6).
( Zevachim 98b; Rashi).
|It is a law...|
See Exodus 29:27,28.
|This is the portion|
See Exodus 29:22,26.
|It was given...|
See Exodus 24:5 (cf. Ibn Ezra). Or, '[in the Tabernacle] in the desert' (Targum Yonathan). Or, 'It was given in the desert on the day ...'