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Numbers BeMidbar
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1:46 The entire tally was 603,550.
Vayihyu kol-hapkudim shesh-me'ot elef ushloshet alafim vachamesh me'ot vachamishim.
1:47 [However,] the men who were Levites according to their father's tribe were not tallied together with [the other] Israelites.
VehaLevi'im lemateh avotam lo hotpakdu betocham.
1:48 God spoke to Moses, saying:
Vayedaber Adonay el-Moshe lemor.


  The number is the same as that in Exodus 38:26. Some say that the population had stabilized, with deaths being approximately equal to the number of men celebrating their 20th birthday (Rashi on Exodus 30:15,16). According to others, age was determined by years beginning in Tishrei (Rosh HaShanah), and these were the same people counted in Exodus. From this we see that as long as the Tabernacle was being built, there were no deaths (Lekach Tov). See Numbers 1:1, 1:2.

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