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  Ki Tisa
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20:6 But for those who love Me and keep My commandments, I show love for thousands [of generations].
Ve'oseh chesed la'alafim le'ohavay uleshomrey mitsvotay.
20:7 Do not take the name of God your Lord in vain. God will not allow the one who takes His name in vain to go unpunished.
Lo tisa et-shem-Adonay Eloheycha lashav ki lo yenakeh Adonay et asher-yisa et-shmo lashav.


  (Targum; Rashi).

name of God
  The sense is changed from the first to the third person. Some therefore say that only the first two commandments were given directly by God (Makkoth 24a; Shir HaShirim Rabbah 1:13; Ramban). See note on Exodus 20:16.

in vain
  Or, 'illegally' (cf. Exodus 23:1). This commandment primarily forbids false and trivial oaths (Mekhilta; Shevuoth 21a; Targum Yonathan; Rashi). However, it also prohibits all unnecessary use of God's name (Ramban; Berakhoth 33a).

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