Contents Calendar Find Reference
Navigating the Bible
Deuteronomy Vezot HaBerachah
  Ki Tetse
  Ki Tavo
  Vezot HaBerachah
First Reading, Second Reading, Third Reading, Fourth Reading, Fifth Reading, Sixth Reading, Seventh Reading

Vezot HaBerachah

33:1 First Reading
This is the blessing that Moses, man of God, bestowed on the Israelites just before his death.
Vezot haberachah asher berach Moshe ish ha'Elohim et-beney Yisra'el lifney moto.
33:2 He said:

God came from Sinai, shone forth to them from Seir, and made an appearance from Mount Paran. From the holy myriads, He brought the fire of a religion to them from His right Hand.
Vayomar Adonay miSinay ba vezarach miSe'ir lamo hofia mehar Paran ve'atah merivevot kodesh mimino esh dat lamo.


This is the blessing...
  See Genesis 49:1-27.

man of God
  See Psalms 90:1. Also see 1 Samuel 2:27, 9:6, 1 Kings 12:22,13:1, 2 Kings 1:13, 4:9, Nehemiah 12:24, 2 Chronicles 25:7 (cf. Sifri; Midrash HaGadol). This indicates that the blessing is from God (Paaneach Razah) and would be fulfilled (Ramban). Or, 'prophet of God' (Targum; Ibn Ezra; Ralbag), or, 'messenger of God' (Saadia).

  (Sifri; Ibn Ezra).

  Or, 'revealed Himself' (Targum; Saadia).

from Sinai
  Or, 'on Sinai' (Ibn Ezra; Bachya).

shone forth
  (Targum). Zarach. Or, 'appeared' (Septuagint; possibly as in ezrach).

  The territory of Esau (Genesis 14:6, 32:4, 36:8). See Judges 5:4. Some say that Seir is near Sinai (Emunoth VeDeyoth 3:8; Ibn Ezra; see note on Exodus 3:1). Others say that God appeared from the direction of Seir (Chizzkuni; cf. Sifri). Another opinion is that God appeared to them again at Seir after they left Sinai (Ramban; Ralbag; Abarbanel). See next note, 'Mount Paran'. Midrashically, this teaches that God offered the Torah to Esau before giving it to Israel (Sifri; Avodah Zarah 2b; Targum Yonathan; Rashi).

Mount Paran
  Near Seir (see Genesis 14:6). This was Ishmael's territory (Genesis 21:21). Paran was the Israelites first stop after Sinai (Numbers 10:12). Some say that this represents the revelation of Deuteronomy; see Deuteronomy 1:1 (Adereth Eliahu; Ophan Sheni; HaKethav VeHaKabbalah). Midrashically, this indicates that the Torah was offered to Ishmael (see above).

From the holy myriads...
  (Ibn Ezra; Sforno; HaKethav VeHaKabbalah). Or, 'He came from the holy myriads ...' (Ramban). 'He came to the holy myriads' (Ralbag); 'He brought to the holy myriads' (Saadia); 'He brought with Him myriads of holy beings' (Targum); 'He brought some of His holy myriads' (Sifri; Rashi); or, 'He came with the myriads of Kadesh' (Septuagint).

fire of a religion
  (Rashi; Ibn Ezra). Esh dath in Hebrew. Or, 'fire become law' (Hirsch); 'a law of fire' (Ramban), or 'a Torah of light' (Saadia). Some see eshdath as a single word, indicating a waterfall as in Numbers 21:15, Deuteronomy 3:17 (Eliahu Levitas; cf. Ibn Janach who rejects this), and hence, 'from His right hand a waterfall to them.' Or, 'from the fire at His right hand, a law to them' (Targum); or, 'at His right hand, His angels were with Him' (Septuagint). Or, 'Although He came with the holy myriads, His fiery law was given to them by His right hand' (Abarbanel).

Copyright © 2000 World ORT
Notice: This computer program is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of this program, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.